Highly Stable Polymer Solar Cells Based on Poly(dithienobenzodithiophene- co -thienothiophene)

Nara Shin, Hui Jun Yun, Youngwoon Yoon, Hae Jung Son, Sang Yong Ju, Soon Ki Kwon, Bongsoo Kim, Yun Hi Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

It is important to develop new donor (D)-acceptor (A) type low band gap polymers for highly stable polymer solar cells (PSCs). Here, we describe the synthesis and photovoltaic properties of two D-A type low band gap polymers. The polymers consist of dithienobenzodithiophene (DTBDT) moieties with expanded conjugation side groups as donors and 2-ethyl-1-(thieno[3,4-b]thiophen-2-yl)hexan-1-one (TTEH) or 6-octyl-5H-thieno[3′,4′:4,5]thieno[2,3-c]pyrrole-5,7(6H)-dione (DTPD) as acceptors to give pDTBDT-TTEH and pDTBDT-DTPD polymers, respectively. The pDTBDT-TTEH is quite flat, resulting in a highly crystalline film. In contrast, the pDTBDT-DTPD is highly twisted to yield an amorphous film. Photovoltaic devices based on pDTBDT-TTEH and pDTBDT-DTPD exhibited power conversion efficiencies (PCEs) of 6.74% and 4.44%, respectively. The PCE difference results mainly from morphological differences between the two polymer:PC71BM blend films; the pDTBDT-TTEH polymer formed a nanoscopically networked domains in the blend state, while the pDTBDT-DTPD polymer film contained aggregated domains with large phase separation between the polymer and PC71BM molecules. Importantly, we observed that pDTBDT-TTEH-based devices showed excellent stability-in air, retaining 95% of the initial PCE after storage for over 1000 h without encapsulation. The high stability of the pDTBDT-TTEH-based device was originated mainly by the crystalline nature of the pDTBDT-TTEH:PC71BM film. This work suggests that designing highly conjugated planar backboned polymers is crucial to improve not only the photovoltaic performance but also the stability of PSCs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3890-3899
Number of pages10
JournalMacromolecules
Volume48
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jun 23

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Shin, N., Yun, H. J., Yoon, Y., Son, H. J., Ju, S. Y., Kwon, S. K., Kim, B., & Kim, Y. H. (2015). Highly Stable Polymer Solar Cells Based on Poly(dithienobenzodithiophene- co -thienothiophene). Macromolecules, 48(12), 3890-3899. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.macromol.5b00514