We aimed to determine the proper modified thresholds for detecting and weighting CAC scores at 100 kV through histogram matching in comparison with 120 kV as a standard reference. From the training set (680 participants), modified thresholds at 100 kV were obtained through histogram matching of calcium pixels to 120 kV. From the validation set (213 participants), a standard CAC score at 120 kV, and modified CAC score at 100 kV using modified thresholds were compare through the paired t test and the Bland–Altman plot. Agreement for risk categories (no, minimal, mild, moderate, and severe) was evaluated using kappa statistics. Radiation doses were also compared. For the validation set, there was no significant difference between standard (median, 18.7; IQR, 0.0–207.0) and modified (median, 17.3; IQR, 0.0–220.9) CAC scores (P = 0.689). A small bias was achieved (0.74) with 95% limits of agreement from − 52.35 to 53.83. Agreements for risk categories were excellent (κ = 0.994). The mean dose-length-product of 100-kV scanning (30.1 ± 0.8 mGy * cm) was significantly decreased compared to 120-kV scanning (42.9 ± 0.6 mGy * cm) (P < 0.001). Histogram-derived modified thresholds at 100 kV can enable accurate CAC scoring while reducing radiation exposure.
|Publication status||Published - 2021 Dec|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by a grant from the Korean Health Technology R&D Project through the Korea Health Industry Development Institute from the Ministry of Health and Welfare, Republic of Korea (grant number: HI13C0715), a research grant from the Korean Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (grant number: 2018ER630200), and a Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) from the Ministry of Education (NRF-2018R1D1A1B07048179).
© 2021, The Author(s).
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