The first human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection was reported in Korea in 1985. The number of HIV-infected persons domestically increased in the 1990s showing epidemic indigenousization. Since then, the number of new infections gradually increased every year, and recently more than 1,000 newly infected cases were reported per year. A total of 12,522 infected individuals have been reported up to 2015, of which 2,020 died. The male to female ratio was 15.4:1, and 34.2% of them were under 30 years old. The infection route was homosexual and bisexual contact in 60.1% of cases and heterosexual contact in 34.6% of cases. Candidiasis, Pneumocystis pneumonia, tuberculosis were common as a AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome)-defining illness. But with the introduction of antiretroviral therapy in the late 1990s, non-AIDS defining illnesses such as metabolic complications, cardiovascular diseases, bone diseases, and neuropsychiatric disorders such as neurocognitive dysfunction, depression, and anxiety are emerging as new health problems. The management policy switched its focus from regulating and monitoring of HIV-infected persons to ensuring access to treatment and promotion of voluntary HIV testing in high-risk groups. Also as the age of the infected persons increases, a need for various supports such as social rehabilitation, life counseling, and welfare has emerged.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Infectious Diseases
- Pharmacology (medical)