We introduce a novel and versatile approach for preparing hollow multilayer capsules containing functional hydrophobic components. Protonated polystyrene-block-poly(4-vinylpyridine) (PS-b-P4VP) and anionic polystyrene-block-poly(acrylic acid) (PS-b-PAA) block copolymer micelles (BCM) were used as building blocks for the layer-by-layer assembly of BCM multilayer films onto polystyrene (PS) colloids. After removing the PS colloids, the stabilities of the formed BCM hollow capsules were found to be strongly dependent on the charge density of the hydrophilic corona segments (i.e., P4VP and PAA block segments) as well as the relative molecular weight ratio of hydrophobic core (i.e., PS segments) blocks and hydrophilic corona shells. Furthermore, in the case of incorporating hydrophobic fluorescent dyes into the PS core blocks of micelles, the hairy/hairy BCM multilayers showed well-defined fluorescent images after colloidal template removal process. These phenomena are mainly caused by the relatively high degree of electrostatic interdigitation between the protonated and anionic corona block shells.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was financially supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea Grant funded by the Korean Government (MEST) (The National Creative Research Initiative Program for “Intelligent Hybrids Research Center” (2010-0018290), (NRF-2009-0093282), and the Brain Korea 21 Program, and the WCU (World Class University) Program of Chemical Convergence for Energy and Environment (R31-10013) in SNU Chemical Engineering. Additionally, this work was supported by KOSEF Grant funded by the Korea government (MEST) (2010–0029106, 2009–0085070), and ERC Program of NRF Grant funded by the Korea government (MEST) (R11-2005-048-00000-0). We are also grateful to Mr. Hyomin Lee and Ms. Misook Lee for experimental assistance and Dr. Sewon Oh for helpful discussions.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry