We show that the photocurrent and energy conversion efficiency of dye-sensitized solar cells can be greatly enhanced with holographic modification to the morphology of TiO 2 electrode. The nanoporous electrode coated onto conducting glass was irradiated by three interfering laser beams at 1064 nm incident from the backside of the substrate. This generated two-dimensional periodic pillars of higher density in the electrode, through which the photoexcited electrons could be extracted more effectively. The cells fabricated with modified electrodes exhibited average photocurrent and efficiency of 17.14 mA/cm 2 and 9.03, while 14.91 mA/cm 2 and 7.83 were obtained from the reference cells. It was attributed to the enhanced charge transport accompanied by the reduction of internal resistance of the electrode.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)