Homicidal Ideation and Forensic Psychopathology: Evidence From the 2016 Nationwide Emergency Department Sample (NEDS)

Jason T. Carbone, Katherine J. Holzer, Michael G. Vaughn, Matthew DeLisi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Homicide is the most serious and costly criminal offense and better forensic and criminological understanding of homicidal ideation as a potential psychobehavioral precursor to homicidal conduct is critical. Using data from the 2016 Nationwide Emergency Department Sample (NEDS) from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP) distributed by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), we found 64,910 cases of homicidal ideation among a sample of 25.6 + million—a prevalence of 0.25%. Numerous conditions conferred increased substantially the likelihood of homicidal ideation including antisocial personality disorder (2406%), schizoaffective disorder (1821%), borderline personality disorder (1557%), paranoid personality disorder (1,504%), schizophrenia (1,143%), obsessive–compulsive personality disorder (921%), brief psychotic disorder (771%), unspecified psychosis (737%), avoidant personality disorder (596%), and schizoid personality disorder (571%), delusional disorder (546%), and other psychotic disorder (504%). Homicidal ideation is comorbid with serious psychiatric and behavioral problems and has important implications for offender typologies and homicidality.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Forensic Sciences
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2019 Jan 1

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Psychopathology
Psychotic Disorders
Hospital Emergency Service
Personality Disorders
Paranoid Personality Disorder
Schizoid Personality Disorder
Paranoid Schizophrenia
Antisocial Personality Disorder
Borderline Personality Disorder
Homicide
Health Services Research
Health Care Costs
Psychiatry
Schizophrenia

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Genetics

Cite this

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Homicidal Ideation and Forensic Psychopathology : Evidence From the 2016 Nationwide Emergency Department Sample (NEDS). / Carbone, Jason T.; Holzer, Katherine J.; Vaughn, Michael G.; DeLisi, Matthew.

In: Journal of Forensic Sciences, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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