To elucidate the alterations of CDKN2 in hepatocarcinogenesis, we performed a loss of heterozygosity (LOH) study using eight polymorphic markers surrounding the CDKN2 gene and analyzed the homozygous deletions and mutations of the CDKN2 gene in 41 primary hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs). Frequent LOH (27.8-44%) was found in the eight loci on chromosome 9p, however, no intragenic mutations of CDKN2 were observed by PCR-SSCP analysis. Homozygous deletions were detected in 25 of 41 HCCs (61%) by a comparative multiplex PCR. No expression of the CDKN2 protein was noted in five out of nine available HCCs by Western blot analysis. These results suggest that inactivation of the CDKN2 gene in HCC is a frequent event in which homozygous deletions are the most common mechanism of CDKN2 inactivation.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research