Honeycomb-Like Interconnected Network of Nickel Phosphide Heteronanoparticles with Superior Electrochemical Performance for Supercapacitors

Shude Liu, Kalimuthu Vijaya Sankar, Aniruddha Kundu, Ming Ma, Jang Yeon Kwon, Seong Chan Jun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

44 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Transition-metal-based heteronanoparticles are attracting extensive attention in electrode material design for supercapacitors owing to their large surface-to-volume ratios and inherent synergies of individual components; however, they still suffer from limited interior capacity and cycling stability due to simple geometric configurations, low electrochemical activity of the surface, and poor structural integrity. Developing an elaborate architecture that endows a larger surface area, high conductivity, and mechanically robust structure is a pressing need to tackle the existing challenges of electrode materials. This work presents a supercapacitor electrode consisting of honeycomb-like biphasic Ni5P4-Ni2P (NixPy) nanosheets, which are interleaved by large quantities of nanoparticles. The optimized NixPy delivers an ultrahigh specific capacity of 1272 C g-1 at a current density of 2 A g-1, high rate capability, and stability. An asymmetric supercapacitor employing as-synthesized NixPy as the positive electrode and activated carbon as the negative electrode exhibits significantly high power and energy densities (67.2 W h kg-1 at 0.75 kW kg-1 20.4 W h kg-1 at 15 kW kg-1). These results demonstrate that the novel nanostructured NixPy can be potentially applied in high-performance supercapacitors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21829-21838
Number of pages10
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Volume9
Issue number26
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jul 5

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Nickel
Electrodes
Nanosheets
Structural integrity
Activated carbon
Transition metals
Current density
Supercapacitor
Nanoparticles

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

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abstract = "Transition-metal-based heteronanoparticles are attracting extensive attention in electrode material design for supercapacitors owing to their large surface-to-volume ratios and inherent synergies of individual components; however, they still suffer from limited interior capacity and cycling stability due to simple geometric configurations, low electrochemical activity of the surface, and poor structural integrity. Developing an elaborate architecture that endows a larger surface area, high conductivity, and mechanically robust structure is a pressing need to tackle the existing challenges of electrode materials. This work presents a supercapacitor electrode consisting of honeycomb-like biphasic Ni5P4-Ni2P (NixPy) nanosheets, which are interleaved by large quantities of nanoparticles. The optimized NixPy delivers an ultrahigh specific capacity of 1272 C g-1 at a current density of 2 A g-1, high rate capability, and stability. An asymmetric supercapacitor employing as-synthesized NixPy as the positive electrode and activated carbon as the negative electrode exhibits significantly high power and energy densities (67.2 W h kg-1 at 0.75 kW kg-1 20.4 W h kg-1 at 15 kW kg-1). These results demonstrate that the novel nanostructured NixPy can be potentially applied in high-performance supercapacitors.",
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Honeycomb-Like Interconnected Network of Nickel Phosphide Heteronanoparticles with Superior Electrochemical Performance for Supercapacitors. / Liu, Shude; Sankar, Kalimuthu Vijaya; Kundu, Aniruddha; Ma, Ming; Kwon, Jang Yeon; Jun, Seong Chan.

In: ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, Vol. 9, No. 26, 05.07.2017, p. 21829-21838.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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