How do people compare themselves with others on social network sites? The case of Facebook

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116 Citations (Scopus)


The social comparison theory and its subsequent studies say that comparing with others can influence an individual in several ways (e.g.; evaluation of oneself, influence on self-esteem/self-confidence, and efficient decision making) and people compare with others when they are confronted with information of others. With the popularity of social network sites, many people acquire or are exposed to information of others on social network sites, which implies that people are likely to frequently engage in social comparison behavior on social network sites. The present paper examines social comparison behavior on social network sites (especially on Facebook) using a college students sample. We find that an individual's personality characteristics (i.e.; social comparison orientation, self-esteem, self-uncertainty, and self-consciousness) influence the person's social comparison frequency on Facebook. A positive relationship between Facebook use intensity and social comparison frequency on Facebook is found. In addition, we find a positive association between social comparison frequency on Facebook and the frequency of having a negative feeling from comparison. Other findings are also reported in the paper.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)253-260
Number of pages8
JournalComputers in Human Behavior
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Mar 1


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Psychology(all)

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