How Experienced Designers of Enterprise Applications Engage AI as a Design Material

Nur Yildirim, Alex Kass, Teresa Tung, Connor Upton, Donnacha Costello, Robert Giusti, Sinem Lacin, Sara Lovic, James M. O'Neill, Rudi O.Reilly Meehan, Eoin Ó Loideáin, Azzurra Pini, Medb Corcoran, Jeremiah Hayes, Diarmuid J. Cahalane, Gaurav Shivhare, Luigi Castoro, Giovanni Caruso, Changhoon Oh, James McCannJodi Forlizzi, John Zimmerman

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


HCI research has explored AI as a design material, suggesting that designers can envision AI's design opportunities to improve UX. Recent research claimed that enterprise applications offer an opportunity for AI innovation at the user experience level. We conducted design workshops to explore the practices of experienced designers who work on cross-functional AI teams in the enterprise. We discussed how designers successfully work with and struggle with AI. Our findings revealed that designers can innovate at the system and service levels. We also discovered that making a case for an AI feature's return on investment is a barrier for designers when they propose AI concepts and ideas. Our discussions produced novel insights on designers' role on AI teams, and the boundary objects they used for collaborating with data scientists. We discuss the implications of these findings as opportunities for future research aiming to empower designers in working with data and AI.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCHI 2022 - Proceedings of the 2022 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery
ISBN (Electronic)9781450391573
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Apr 29
Event2022 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, CHI 2022 - Virtual, Online, United States
Duration: 2022 Apr 302022 May 5

Publication series

NameConference on Human Factors in Computing Systems - Proceedings


Conference2022 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, CHI 2022
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityVirtual, Online

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was partially supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant Numbers 2007501 and 2112633, and by Accenture. We thank Matias Ferrero, Gemma Gallagher, Antonio Pacheco, and Navdeep Sharma for their valuable input in our initial discussions.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Owner/Author.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
  • Software


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