From the perspective of subsidiary autonomy, this study addresses what affects subsidiary-driven innovation in multinational corporations (MNCs). This study examines this question from three dimensions: (1) top management team (TMT) leadership, (2) knowledge links and (3) organizational size. Our model is tested using a sample of 250 MNC subsidiaries located in Korea. We found that non-expatriate or entrepreneurship-oriented TMT leadership generally enhances subsidiary-driven innovation. We also found that the level of networking with local knowledge sources is associated positively with subsidiary-driven innovation. In addition, the relative size of the subsidiary shows an inverted U-shaped relationship with subsidiary-driven innovation. Finally, the relationship between subsidiary-driven innovation and subsidiary performance is positively moderated by environmental dynamism. The results suggest that as foreign subsidiaries gain autonomy, the likelihood of subsidiary-driven innovation increases.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Economics and Econometrics
- Management of Technology and Innovation