H2 pressure swing adsorption for high pressure syngas from an integrated gasification combined cycle with a carbon capture process

Dong Kyu Moon, Dong Geun Lee, Chang-Ha Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) process, possessing high efficiency and environmental advantages, produces H2-rich syngas at high pressures (30–35 bar) after capturing CO2. Since the syngas pressure is very high for conventional PSA processes, development of an efficient PSA process at the pressure conditions is required for H2 production. In this study, the H2 PSA process for IGCC syngas was developed experimentally and theoretically. Breakthrough and PSA experiments using activated carbon or activated carbon/zeolite LiX were performed at 25–35 bar by using a five-component hydrogen mixture (H2:CO:N2:CO2:Ar = 88:3:6:2:1 mol%) as a simulated syngas. The overall PSA performance was evaluated in terms of the purity, recovery and productivity of H2 product. According to the results from using single or layered beds, the two-bed PSA process produced 99.77–99.95% H2 with 73.30–77.64% recovery experimentally. A four-layered bed PSA at 35 bar was able to produce 99.97%-purity H2 with 79% recovery, and it contained Ar and N2 impurities. The quality of tail gas from the PSA process could be used for the gas turbine without losing H2 and CO. A rigorous mathematical model that included mass, energy, and momentum balances was employed to elucidate the dynamic behaviors and separation performance of the adsorption bed and PSA process.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)760-774
Number of pages15
JournalApplied Energy
Volume183
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Dec 1

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Carbon capture
Gasification
adsorption
Adsorption
Recovery
Activated carbon
activated carbon
carbon
gas
zeolite
turbine
Gas turbines
momentum
Momentum
Productivity
hydrogen
Impurities
Mathematical models
productivity
Hydrogen

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Building and Construction
  • Energy(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Cite this

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abstract = "The integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) process, possessing high efficiency and environmental advantages, produces H2-rich syngas at high pressures (30–35 bar) after capturing CO2. Since the syngas pressure is very high for conventional PSA processes, development of an efficient PSA process at the pressure conditions is required for H2 production. In this study, the H2 PSA process for IGCC syngas was developed experimentally and theoretically. Breakthrough and PSA experiments using activated carbon or activated carbon/zeolite LiX were performed at 25–35 bar by using a five-component hydrogen mixture (H2:CO:N2:CO2:Ar = 88:3:6:2:1 mol{\%}) as a simulated syngas. The overall PSA performance was evaluated in terms of the purity, recovery and productivity of H2 product. According to the results from using single or layered beds, the two-bed PSA process produced 99.77–99.95{\%} H2 with 73.30–77.64{\%} recovery experimentally. A four-layered bed PSA at 35 bar was able to produce 99.97{\%}-purity H2 with 79{\%} recovery, and it contained Ar and N2 impurities. The quality of tail gas from the PSA process could be used for the gas turbine without losing H2 and CO. A rigorous mathematical model that included mass, energy, and momentum balances was employed to elucidate the dynamic behaviors and separation performance of the adsorption bed and PSA process.",
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H2 pressure swing adsorption for high pressure syngas from an integrated gasification combined cycle with a carbon capture process. / Moon, Dong Kyu; Lee, Dong Geun; Lee, Chang-Ha.

In: Applied Energy, Vol. 183, 01.12.2016, p. 760-774.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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