Human activity recognition is an emerging field of ubiquitous and pervasive computing. Although recent smartphones have powerful resources, the execution of machine learning algorithms on a large amount of data is still a burden on smartphones. Three major factors including; classification algorithm, data feature, and smartphone position influence the recognition accuracy and time. In this paper, we present a comparative study of six classification algorithms, six data features, and four different positions that are most commonly used in the recognition process using smartphone accelerometer. This analysis can be used to select any specific classification algorithm, data feature, and smartphone position for human activity recognition in terms of accuracy and response time. The methodology we used is composed of two major components; a data collector, and a classifier. A set of eleven activities of daily living, four different positions for data collection and ten volunteers contributed to make it a worth-full comparative study. Results show that K-Nearest Neighbor and J48 algorithms performed well both in terms of time and accuracy irrespective of data features whereas the performance of other algorithms is dependent on the selected data features. Similarly, mean and mode features gave good results in terms of accuracy irrespective of the classification algorithm. A short version of the paper has already been presented at ICIS 2014.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||International Journal of Networked and Distributed Computing|
|Publication status||Published - 2014 Nov|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning (2012R1A1A2043400).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Computer Science Applications
- Computer Networks and Communications