Diamond-like carbon (DLC) films deposited on Si(100) wafer by r.f.-plasma assisted chemical vapor deposition were friction tested by ball-on-disk type tribometer in various test environments. The friction tests were performed in an ambient air of relative humidity ranging from 0 to 90% or dry oxygen environment. We focused on the tribochemical reactions by analyzing the chemical composition, chemical bond structure and agglomerated shape of the debris. High and unstable frictional behavior was observed in both humid air and dry oxygen environment. In these environments, Auger spectrum analysis showed that the debris contained large amount of Fe. Significant incorporation of Fe in the debris resulted from the wear of the steel ball, which might be enhanced by the surface oxidation of the ball. However, a very low frictional coefficient was observed against the sapphire ball even in dry oxygen environment. These results show that the increased frictional coefficient of the DLC film is closely related with the increased Fe concentration in the debris. Hence, the humidity dependence of the frictional coefficient is not an inherent tribological property of DLC film but results from the surface reaction of the steel ball with humid environment. Two possible reasons for the Fe rich debris to affect the frictional behavior were suggested.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support from the Ministry of Science and Technology of Korea through 21C Frontier Research Program, and Korea Science and Engineering Foundation through the Center of Advanced Plasma Surface Engineering.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Mechanical Engineering
- Materials Chemistry
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering