Hybrid reference function for stable stepwise inertial control of a doubly-fed induction generator

Dejian Yang, Jinsik Lee, Kyeon Hur, Yong Cheol Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Upon detecting a frequency event in a power system, the stepwise inertial control (SIC) of a wind turbine generator (WTG) instantly increases the power output for a preset period so as to arrest the frequency drop. Afterwards, SIC rapidly reduces the WTG output to avert over-deceleration (OD). However, such a rapid output reduction may act as a power deficit in the power system, and thereby cause a second frequency dip. In this paper, a hybrid reference function for the stable SIC of a doubly-fed induction generator is proposed to prevent OD while improving the frequency nadir (FN). To achieve this objective, a reference function is separately defined prior to and after the FN. In order to improve the FN when an event is detected, the reference is instantly increased by a constant and then maintained until the FN. This constant is determined by considering the power margin and available kinetic energy. To prevent OD, the reference decays with the rotor speed after the FN. The performance of the proposed scheme was validated under various wind speed conditions and wind power penetration levels using an EMTP-RV simulator. The results clearly demonstrate that the scheme successfully prevents OD while improving the FN at different wind conditions and wind power penetration levels. Furthermore, the scheme is adaptive to the size of a frequency event.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)86-92
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Electrical Engineering and Technology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jan

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was partly supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (MSIP) (No. 2010-0028509) and partly by research funds of Chonbuk National University in 2014.

Publisher Copyright:
© The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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