The feasibility of producing hydrogen and methane via a two-stage fermentation of tequila vinasses was evaluated in sequencing batch (SBR) and up-flow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactors. Different vinasses concentrations ranging from 500 mg COD/L to 16 g COD/L were studied in SBR by using thermally pre-treated anaerobic sludge as inoculum for hydrogen production. Peak volumetric hydrogen production rate and specific hydrogen production were attained as 57.4 ± 4.0 mL H2/L-h and 918 ± 63 mL H2/gVSS-d, at the substrate concentration of 16 g COD/L and 6 h of hydraulic retention time (HRT). Increasing substrate concentration has no effect on the specific hydrogen production rate. The fermentation effluent was used for methane production in an UASB reactor. The higher methane composition in the biogas was achieved as 68% at an influent concentration of 1636 mg COD/L. Peak methane volumetric, specific production rates and yield were attained as 11.7 ± 0.7 mL CH4/L-h, 7.2 ± 0.4 mL CH4/g COD-h and 257.9 ± 13.8 mL CH4/g COD at 24 h-HRT and a substrate concentration of 1636 mg COD/L. An overall organic matter removal (SBR + UASB) in this two-stage process of 73-75% was achieved.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Fuel Technology
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology