Hydrogen effect on the DeNOX efficiency enhancement of fresh and aged Ag/Al2O3 HC-SCR in a diesel engine exhaust

Kihong Kim, Kwang Min Chun, Soonho Song, Hyun Sik Han, Hyerim Gu

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

HC-SCR is more convenient when compared to urea-SCR, since for HC-SCR, diesel fuel can be used as the reductant which is already available onboard the vehicle. However, the DeNOx efficiency for HC-SCR is lower than that of urea-SCR in both low and high temperature windows. In an attempt to improve the DeNOX efficiency of HC-SCR, the effect of hydrogen were evaluated for the fresh and aged catalyst over 2wt.% Ag/Al2O3 using a Euro-4 diesel engine. In this engine bench test, diesel fuel as the reductant was injected directly into the exhaust gas stream and the hydrogen was supplied from a hydrogen bomb. The engine was operated at 2,500rpm and BMEP 4bar. The engine-out NOX was around 180ppm-200ppm. H2/NOX and HC1/NOX ratios were 5, 10, 20, and 3, 6, 9, respectively. The HC-SCR inlet exhaust gas temperatures were around 215°C, 245°C, and 275°C. The catalyst volumes used in this test were 2.5L and 5L for both fresh and aged catalysts. The DeNOX efficiency of the 5L fresh catalyst was in the range of 0-25% without hydrogen, but it increased to 14-79% when the hydrogen was added to the feed stream. The final efficiency was a function of the hydrocarbon and hydrogen concentrations in the exhaust gas mixtures and the HC-SCR inlet temperatures. The NOX conversion efficiency of the 5L aged catalyst, which had been aged thermally at 750°C for 25hrs in an electrical furnace, was in the range of 6-75% with hydrogen and 2-22% without hydrogen. In case of the 2.5L catalyst, the DeNOX efficiency was in the range of 8-35% for the fresh catalyst and 3-9% for the aged catalyst with hydrogen. In the absence of hydrogen, the NOX conversion rate was in the range of 3-8% and 3-5% for the fresh and aged catalyst, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Dec 1
EventSAE 2011 World Congress and Exhibition - Detroit, MI, United States
Duration: 2011 Apr 122011 Apr 14

Other

OtherSAE 2011 World Congress and Exhibition
CountryUnited States
CityDetroit, MI
Period11/4/1211/4/14

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Pollution
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Hydrogen effect on the DeNO<sub>X</sub> efficiency enhancement of fresh and aged Ag/Al<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3</sub> HC-SCR in a diesel engine exhaust'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Kim, K., Chun, K. M., Song, S., Han, H. S., & Gu, H. (2011). Hydrogen effect on the DeNOX efficiency enhancement of fresh and aged Ag/Al2O3 HC-SCR in a diesel engine exhaust. Paper presented at SAE 2011 World Congress and Exhibition, Detroit, MI, United States.