Hydrogen effect on the DeNOX efficiency enhancement of fresh and aged Ag/Al2O3 HC-SCR in a diesel engine exhaust

Kihong Kim, Kwang Min Chun, Soonho Song, Hyun Sik Han, Hyerim Gu

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

HC-SCR is more convenient when compared to urea-SCR, since for HC-SCR, diesel fuel can be used as the reductant which is already available onboard the vehicle. However, the DeNOx efficiency for HC-SCR is lower than that of urea-SCR in both low and high temperature windows. In an attempt to improve the DeNOX efficiency of HC-SCR, the effect of hydrogen were evaluated for the fresh and aged catalyst over 2wt.% Ag/Al2O3 using a Euro-4 diesel engine. In this engine bench test, diesel fuel as the reductant was injected directly into the exhaust gas stream and the hydrogen was supplied from a hydrogen bomb. The engine was operated at 2,500rpm and BMEP 4bar. The engine-out NOX was around 180ppm-200ppm. H2/NOX and HC1/NOX ratios were 5, 10, 20, and 3, 6, 9, respectively. The HC-SCR inlet exhaust gas temperatures were around 215°C, 245°C, and 275°C. The catalyst volumes used in this test were 2.5L and 5L for both fresh and aged catalysts. The DeNOX efficiency of the 5L fresh catalyst was in the range of 0-25% without hydrogen, but it increased to 14-79% when the hydrogen was added to the feed stream. The final efficiency was a function of the hydrocarbon and hydrogen concentrations in the exhaust gas mixtures and the HC-SCR inlet temperatures. The NOX conversion efficiency of the 5L aged catalyst, which had been aged thermally at 750°C for 25hrs in an electrical furnace, was in the range of 6-75% with hydrogen and 2-22% without hydrogen. In case of the 2.5L catalyst, the DeNOX efficiency was in the range of 8-35% for the fresh catalyst and 3-9% for the aged catalyst with hydrogen. In the absence of hydrogen, the NOX conversion rate was in the range of 3-8% and 3-5% for the fresh and aged catalyst, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Dec 1
EventSAE 2011 World Congress and Exhibition - Detroit, MI, United States
Duration: 2011 Apr 122011 Apr 14

Other

OtherSAE 2011 World Congress and Exhibition
CountryUnited States
CityDetroit, MI
Period11/4/1211/4/14

Fingerprint

Exhaust systems (engine)
Thyristors
Diesel engines
Hydrogen
Catalysts
Exhaust gases
Diesel fuels
Engines
Urea
Gas mixtures
Temperature
Conversion efficiency
Furnaces
Hydrocarbons

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Pollution
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Cite this

Kim, K., Chun, K. M., Song, S., Han, H. S., & Gu, H. (2011). Hydrogen effect on the DeNOX efficiency enhancement of fresh and aged Ag/Al2O3 HC-SCR in a diesel engine exhaust. Paper presented at SAE 2011 World Congress and Exhibition, Detroit, MI, United States.
Kim, Kihong ; Chun, Kwang Min ; Song, Soonho ; Han, Hyun Sik ; Gu, Hyerim. / Hydrogen effect on the DeNOX efficiency enhancement of fresh and aged Ag/Al2O3 HC-SCR in a diesel engine exhaust. Paper presented at SAE 2011 World Congress and Exhibition, Detroit, MI, United States.
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abstract = "HC-SCR is more convenient when compared to urea-SCR, since for HC-SCR, diesel fuel can be used as the reductant which is already available onboard the vehicle. However, the DeNOx efficiency for HC-SCR is lower than that of urea-SCR in both low and high temperature windows. In an attempt to improve the DeNOX efficiency of HC-SCR, the effect of hydrogen were evaluated for the fresh and aged catalyst over 2wt.{\%} Ag/Al2O3 using a Euro-4 diesel engine. In this engine bench test, diesel fuel as the reductant was injected directly into the exhaust gas stream and the hydrogen was supplied from a hydrogen bomb. The engine was operated at 2,500rpm and BMEP 4bar. The engine-out NOX was around 180ppm-200ppm. H2/NOX and HC1/NOX ratios were 5, 10, 20, and 3, 6, 9, respectively. The HC-SCR inlet exhaust gas temperatures were around 215°C, 245°C, and 275°C. The catalyst volumes used in this test were 2.5L and 5L for both fresh and aged catalysts. The DeNOX efficiency of the 5L fresh catalyst was in the range of 0-25{\%} without hydrogen, but it increased to 14-79{\%} when the hydrogen was added to the feed stream. The final efficiency was a function of the hydrocarbon and hydrogen concentrations in the exhaust gas mixtures and the HC-SCR inlet temperatures. The NOX conversion efficiency of the 5L aged catalyst, which had been aged thermally at 750°C for 25hrs in an electrical furnace, was in the range of 6-75{\%} with hydrogen and 2-22{\%} without hydrogen. In case of the 2.5L catalyst, the DeNOX efficiency was in the range of 8-35{\%} for the fresh catalyst and 3-9{\%} for the aged catalyst with hydrogen. In the absence of hydrogen, the NOX conversion rate was in the range of 3-8{\%} and 3-5{\%} for the fresh and aged catalyst, respectively.",
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Kim, K, Chun, KM, Song, S, Han, HS & Gu, H 2011, 'Hydrogen effect on the DeNOX efficiency enhancement of fresh and aged Ag/Al2O3 HC-SCR in a diesel engine exhaust' Paper presented at SAE 2011 World Congress and Exhibition, Detroit, MI, United States, 11/4/12 - 11/4/14, .

Hydrogen effect on the DeNOX efficiency enhancement of fresh and aged Ag/Al2O3 HC-SCR in a diesel engine exhaust. / Kim, Kihong; Chun, Kwang Min; Song, Soonho; Han, Hyun Sik; Gu, Hyerim.

2011. Paper presented at SAE 2011 World Congress and Exhibition, Detroit, MI, United States.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

TY - CONF

T1 - Hydrogen effect on the DeNOX efficiency enhancement of fresh and aged Ag/Al2O3 HC-SCR in a diesel engine exhaust

AU - Kim, Kihong

AU - Chun, Kwang Min

AU - Song, Soonho

AU - Han, Hyun Sik

AU - Gu, Hyerim

PY - 2011/12/1

Y1 - 2011/12/1

N2 - HC-SCR is more convenient when compared to urea-SCR, since for HC-SCR, diesel fuel can be used as the reductant which is already available onboard the vehicle. However, the DeNOx efficiency for HC-SCR is lower than that of urea-SCR in both low and high temperature windows. In an attempt to improve the DeNOX efficiency of HC-SCR, the effect of hydrogen were evaluated for the fresh and aged catalyst over 2wt.% Ag/Al2O3 using a Euro-4 diesel engine. In this engine bench test, diesel fuel as the reductant was injected directly into the exhaust gas stream and the hydrogen was supplied from a hydrogen bomb. The engine was operated at 2,500rpm and BMEP 4bar. The engine-out NOX was around 180ppm-200ppm. H2/NOX and HC1/NOX ratios were 5, 10, 20, and 3, 6, 9, respectively. The HC-SCR inlet exhaust gas temperatures were around 215°C, 245°C, and 275°C. The catalyst volumes used in this test were 2.5L and 5L for both fresh and aged catalysts. The DeNOX efficiency of the 5L fresh catalyst was in the range of 0-25% without hydrogen, but it increased to 14-79% when the hydrogen was added to the feed stream. The final efficiency was a function of the hydrocarbon and hydrogen concentrations in the exhaust gas mixtures and the HC-SCR inlet temperatures. The NOX conversion efficiency of the 5L aged catalyst, which had been aged thermally at 750°C for 25hrs in an electrical furnace, was in the range of 6-75% with hydrogen and 2-22% without hydrogen. In case of the 2.5L catalyst, the DeNOX efficiency was in the range of 8-35% for the fresh catalyst and 3-9% for the aged catalyst with hydrogen. In the absence of hydrogen, the NOX conversion rate was in the range of 3-8% and 3-5% for the fresh and aged catalyst, respectively.

AB - HC-SCR is more convenient when compared to urea-SCR, since for HC-SCR, diesel fuel can be used as the reductant which is already available onboard the vehicle. However, the DeNOx efficiency for HC-SCR is lower than that of urea-SCR in both low and high temperature windows. In an attempt to improve the DeNOX efficiency of HC-SCR, the effect of hydrogen were evaluated for the fresh and aged catalyst over 2wt.% Ag/Al2O3 using a Euro-4 diesel engine. In this engine bench test, diesel fuel as the reductant was injected directly into the exhaust gas stream and the hydrogen was supplied from a hydrogen bomb. The engine was operated at 2,500rpm and BMEP 4bar. The engine-out NOX was around 180ppm-200ppm. H2/NOX and HC1/NOX ratios were 5, 10, 20, and 3, 6, 9, respectively. The HC-SCR inlet exhaust gas temperatures were around 215°C, 245°C, and 275°C. The catalyst volumes used in this test were 2.5L and 5L for both fresh and aged catalysts. The DeNOX efficiency of the 5L fresh catalyst was in the range of 0-25% without hydrogen, but it increased to 14-79% when the hydrogen was added to the feed stream. The final efficiency was a function of the hydrocarbon and hydrogen concentrations in the exhaust gas mixtures and the HC-SCR inlet temperatures. The NOX conversion efficiency of the 5L aged catalyst, which had been aged thermally at 750°C for 25hrs in an electrical furnace, was in the range of 6-75% with hydrogen and 2-22% without hydrogen. In case of the 2.5L catalyst, the DeNOX efficiency was in the range of 8-35% for the fresh catalyst and 3-9% for the aged catalyst with hydrogen. In the absence of hydrogen, the NOX conversion rate was in the range of 3-8% and 3-5% for the fresh and aged catalyst, respectively.

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M3 - Paper

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Kim K, Chun KM, Song S, Han HS, Gu H. Hydrogen effect on the DeNOX efficiency enhancement of fresh and aged Ag/Al2O3 HC-SCR in a diesel engine exhaust. 2011. Paper presented at SAE 2011 World Congress and Exhibition, Detroit, MI, United States.