Hydrogen separation from reforming gas using organic templating silica/alumina composite membrane

Jong Ho Moon, Ji Han Bae, Youn-Sang Bae, Jong Tae Chung, Chang-Ha Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The separation characteristics and dynamics of hydrogen mixture produced from natural gas reformer were studied on methyltriethoxysilane (MTES) templating silica membrane. The permeation and separation of CO pure gas, H 2 /CO (50/50, vol.%) binary mixture and H 2 /CH 4 /CO/CO 2 (69/3/2/26, vol.%) quaternary mixture were investigated both experimentally and theoretically. Since the permeance of pure CO on the MTES membrane was very low (CO ≈ 4.79-6.46 × 10 -11 mol m -2 s -1 Pa -1 ), comparatively high hydrogen selectivity could be obtained from the H 2 /CO mixture (separation factor = 93-110). This implies that CO, which should be eliminated prior to use in fuel cells, can be separated from hydrogen mixtures using MTES membranes. The permeance of the H 2 quaternary mixture on the MTES membrane was 2.07-3.37 × 10 -9 mol m -2 s -1 Pa -1 and the separation factor of H 2 /(CO + CH 4 + CO 2 ) was 6-24 at 323-473 K. Since the permeation flux in the MTES membrane was affected by both molecular sieving and surface diffusion, high H 2 selectivity could be obtained at elevated temperatures. The transient permeation/separation behaviours of hydrogen multi-component systems on the MTES membrane were predicted by the Generalized Maxwell-Stefan model incorporating the dusty gas model and Langmuir isotherm model.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)45-55
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Membrane Science
Volume318
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Jun 20

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Aluminum Oxide
Composite membranes
Carbon Monoxide
Reforming reactions
Silicon Dioxide
Hydrogen
Alumina
aluminum oxides
Gases
Silica
silicon dioxide
membranes
Membranes
composite materials
hydrogen
gases
Permeation
selectivity
methylidyne
molecular diffusion

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Filtration and Separation

Cite this

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title = "Hydrogen separation from reforming gas using organic templating silica/alumina composite membrane",
abstract = "The separation characteristics and dynamics of hydrogen mixture produced from natural gas reformer were studied on methyltriethoxysilane (MTES) templating silica membrane. The permeation and separation of CO pure gas, H 2 /CO (50/50, vol.{\%}) binary mixture and H 2 /CH 4 /CO/CO 2 (69/3/2/26, vol.{\%}) quaternary mixture were investigated both experimentally and theoretically. Since the permeance of pure CO on the MTES membrane was very low (CO ≈ 4.79-6.46 × 10 -11 mol m -2 s -1 Pa -1 ), comparatively high hydrogen selectivity could be obtained from the H 2 /CO mixture (separation factor = 93-110). This implies that CO, which should be eliminated prior to use in fuel cells, can be separated from hydrogen mixtures using MTES membranes. The permeance of the H 2 quaternary mixture on the MTES membrane was 2.07-3.37 × 10 -9 mol m -2 s -1 Pa -1 and the separation factor of H 2 /(CO + CH 4 + CO 2 ) was 6-24 at 323-473 K. Since the permeation flux in the MTES membrane was affected by both molecular sieving and surface diffusion, high H 2 selectivity could be obtained at elevated temperatures. The transient permeation/separation behaviours of hydrogen multi-component systems on the MTES membrane were predicted by the Generalized Maxwell-Stefan model incorporating the dusty gas model and Langmuir isotherm model.",
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Hydrogen separation from reforming gas using organic templating silica/alumina composite membrane. / Moon, Jong Ho; Bae, Ji Han; Bae, Youn-Sang; Chung, Jong Tae; Lee, Chang-Ha.

In: Journal of Membrane Science, Vol. 318, No. 1-2, 20.06.2008, p. 45-55.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Hydrogen separation from reforming gas using organic templating silica/alumina composite membrane

AU - Moon, Jong Ho

AU - Bae, Ji Han

AU - Bae, Youn-Sang

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AU - Lee, Chang-Ha

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N2 - The separation characteristics and dynamics of hydrogen mixture produced from natural gas reformer were studied on methyltriethoxysilane (MTES) templating silica membrane. The permeation and separation of CO pure gas, H 2 /CO (50/50, vol.%) binary mixture and H 2 /CH 4 /CO/CO 2 (69/3/2/26, vol.%) quaternary mixture were investigated both experimentally and theoretically. Since the permeance of pure CO on the MTES membrane was very low (CO ≈ 4.79-6.46 × 10 -11 mol m -2 s -1 Pa -1 ), comparatively high hydrogen selectivity could be obtained from the H 2 /CO mixture (separation factor = 93-110). This implies that CO, which should be eliminated prior to use in fuel cells, can be separated from hydrogen mixtures using MTES membranes. The permeance of the H 2 quaternary mixture on the MTES membrane was 2.07-3.37 × 10 -9 mol m -2 s -1 Pa -1 and the separation factor of H 2 /(CO + CH 4 + CO 2 ) was 6-24 at 323-473 K. Since the permeation flux in the MTES membrane was affected by both molecular sieving and surface diffusion, high H 2 selectivity could be obtained at elevated temperatures. The transient permeation/separation behaviours of hydrogen multi-component systems on the MTES membrane were predicted by the Generalized Maxwell-Stefan model incorporating the dusty gas model and Langmuir isotherm model.

AB - The separation characteristics and dynamics of hydrogen mixture produced from natural gas reformer were studied on methyltriethoxysilane (MTES) templating silica membrane. The permeation and separation of CO pure gas, H 2 /CO (50/50, vol.%) binary mixture and H 2 /CH 4 /CO/CO 2 (69/3/2/26, vol.%) quaternary mixture were investigated both experimentally and theoretically. Since the permeance of pure CO on the MTES membrane was very low (CO ≈ 4.79-6.46 × 10 -11 mol m -2 s -1 Pa -1 ), comparatively high hydrogen selectivity could be obtained from the H 2 /CO mixture (separation factor = 93-110). This implies that CO, which should be eliminated prior to use in fuel cells, can be separated from hydrogen mixtures using MTES membranes. The permeance of the H 2 quaternary mixture on the MTES membrane was 2.07-3.37 × 10 -9 mol m -2 s -1 Pa -1 and the separation factor of H 2 /(CO + CH 4 + CO 2 ) was 6-24 at 323-473 K. Since the permeation flux in the MTES membrane was affected by both molecular sieving and surface diffusion, high H 2 selectivity could be obtained at elevated temperatures. The transient permeation/separation behaviours of hydrogen multi-component systems on the MTES membrane were predicted by the Generalized Maxwell-Stefan model incorporating the dusty gas model and Langmuir isotherm model.

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