Ibd1p, a possible spindle pole body associated protein, regulates nuclear division and bud separation in Saccharomyces cerevisiae

Jeongkyo Lee, Hyung Seo Hwang, Jinmi Kim, Kiwon Song

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The proper spatial and temporal coordination of mitosis and cytokinesis is essential for maintaining genomic integrity. We describe the identification and characterization of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae IBD1 gene, which encodes a novel protein that regulates the proper nuclear division and bud separation. IBD1 was identified by the limited homology to byr4, a dosage-dependent regulator of cytokinesis in Schizosaccharomyces pombe. IBD1 is not an essential gene, and the knock-out cells show no growth defects except for the reduced mating efficiency [1]. However, upon ectopic expression from an inducible promoter, IBD1 is lethal to the cell and leads to abnormal nuclear division and bud separation. In detail, approximately 90% of the IBD1 overexpressing cells arrest at large bud stages with dividing or divided nuclei. In some IBD1 overexpressing cells, spindle elongation and chromosome separation occur within the mother cell, leading to anucleated and binucleate daughter cells. The anucleated cell can not bud, but the binucleate cell proceeds through another cell cycle(s) to produce a cell with multiple nuclei and multiple buds. Observations of the F-actin and chitin rings in the IBD1 overexpressing cells reveal that these cells lose the polarity for bud site selection and growth or attain the hyper-polarity for growth. Consistent with the phenotypes, the IBD1 overexpressing cells contain a broad range of DNA content, from 2 to 4 N or more. A functional Ibd1p-GFP fusion protein localizes to a single dot at the nuclear DNA boundary in the divided nuclei or to double dots in dividing nuclei, suggesting its localization on the spindle pole body (SPB). The cross-species expressions of IBD1 in S. pombe and byr4 in S. cerevisiae cause defects in shape, implicating the presence of a conserved mechanism for the control of cytokinesis in eukaryotes. We propose that Ibd1p is an SPB associated protein that links proper nuclear division to cytokinesis and bud separation. Copyright (C) 1999 Elsevier Science B.V.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)239-253
Number of pages15
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Cell Research
Volume1449
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1999 Apr 1

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Spindle Pole Bodies
Cell Nucleus Division
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Cytokinesis
Proteins
Schizosaccharomyces
Growth
Cell Polarity
Gene Knockout Techniques
Chitin
DNA
Essential Genes
Eukaryota
Mitosis
Actins
Cell Cycle
Stem Cells
Chromosomes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

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title = "Ibd1p, a possible spindle pole body associated protein, regulates nuclear division and bud separation in Saccharomyces cerevisiae",
abstract = "The proper spatial and temporal coordination of mitosis and cytokinesis is essential for maintaining genomic integrity. We describe the identification and characterization of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae IBD1 gene, which encodes a novel protein that regulates the proper nuclear division and bud separation. IBD1 was identified by the limited homology to byr4, a dosage-dependent regulator of cytokinesis in Schizosaccharomyces pombe. IBD1 is not an essential gene, and the knock-out cells show no growth defects except for the reduced mating efficiency [1]. However, upon ectopic expression from an inducible promoter, IBD1 is lethal to the cell and leads to abnormal nuclear division and bud separation. In detail, approximately 90{\%} of the IBD1 overexpressing cells arrest at large bud stages with dividing or divided nuclei. In some IBD1 overexpressing cells, spindle elongation and chromosome separation occur within the mother cell, leading to anucleated and binucleate daughter cells. The anucleated cell can not bud, but the binucleate cell proceeds through another cell cycle(s) to produce a cell with multiple nuclei and multiple buds. Observations of the F-actin and chitin rings in the IBD1 overexpressing cells reveal that these cells lose the polarity for bud site selection and growth or attain the hyper-polarity for growth. Consistent with the phenotypes, the IBD1 overexpressing cells contain a broad range of DNA content, from 2 to 4 N or more. A functional Ibd1p-GFP fusion protein localizes to a single dot at the nuclear DNA boundary in the divided nuclei or to double dots in dividing nuclei, suggesting its localization on the spindle pole body (SPB). The cross-species expressions of IBD1 in S. pombe and byr4 in S. cerevisiae cause defects in shape, implicating the presence of a conserved mechanism for the control of cytokinesis in eukaryotes. We propose that Ibd1p is an SPB associated protein that links proper nuclear division to cytokinesis and bud separation. Copyright (C) 1999 Elsevier Science B.V.",
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Ibd1p, a possible spindle pole body associated protein, regulates nuclear division and bud separation in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. / Lee, Jeongkyo; Hwang, Hyung Seo; Kim, Jinmi; Song, Kiwon.

In: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Cell Research, Vol. 1449, No. 3, 01.04.1999, p. 239-253.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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N2 - The proper spatial and temporal coordination of mitosis and cytokinesis is essential for maintaining genomic integrity. We describe the identification and characterization of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae IBD1 gene, which encodes a novel protein that regulates the proper nuclear division and bud separation. IBD1 was identified by the limited homology to byr4, a dosage-dependent regulator of cytokinesis in Schizosaccharomyces pombe. IBD1 is not an essential gene, and the knock-out cells show no growth defects except for the reduced mating efficiency [1]. However, upon ectopic expression from an inducible promoter, IBD1 is lethal to the cell and leads to abnormal nuclear division and bud separation. In detail, approximately 90% of the IBD1 overexpressing cells arrest at large bud stages with dividing or divided nuclei. In some IBD1 overexpressing cells, spindle elongation and chromosome separation occur within the mother cell, leading to anucleated and binucleate daughter cells. The anucleated cell can not bud, but the binucleate cell proceeds through another cell cycle(s) to produce a cell with multiple nuclei and multiple buds. Observations of the F-actin and chitin rings in the IBD1 overexpressing cells reveal that these cells lose the polarity for bud site selection and growth or attain the hyper-polarity for growth. Consistent with the phenotypes, the IBD1 overexpressing cells contain a broad range of DNA content, from 2 to 4 N or more. A functional Ibd1p-GFP fusion protein localizes to a single dot at the nuclear DNA boundary in the divided nuclei or to double dots in dividing nuclei, suggesting its localization on the spindle pole body (SPB). The cross-species expressions of IBD1 in S. pombe and byr4 in S. cerevisiae cause defects in shape, implicating the presence of a conserved mechanism for the control of cytokinesis in eukaryotes. We propose that Ibd1p is an SPB associated protein that links proper nuclear division to cytokinesis and bud separation. Copyright (C) 1999 Elsevier Science B.V.

AB - The proper spatial and temporal coordination of mitosis and cytokinesis is essential for maintaining genomic integrity. We describe the identification and characterization of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae IBD1 gene, which encodes a novel protein that regulates the proper nuclear division and bud separation. IBD1 was identified by the limited homology to byr4, a dosage-dependent regulator of cytokinesis in Schizosaccharomyces pombe. IBD1 is not an essential gene, and the knock-out cells show no growth defects except for the reduced mating efficiency [1]. However, upon ectopic expression from an inducible promoter, IBD1 is lethal to the cell and leads to abnormal nuclear division and bud separation. In detail, approximately 90% of the IBD1 overexpressing cells arrest at large bud stages with dividing or divided nuclei. In some IBD1 overexpressing cells, spindle elongation and chromosome separation occur within the mother cell, leading to anucleated and binucleate daughter cells. The anucleated cell can not bud, but the binucleate cell proceeds through another cell cycle(s) to produce a cell with multiple nuclei and multiple buds. Observations of the F-actin and chitin rings in the IBD1 overexpressing cells reveal that these cells lose the polarity for bud site selection and growth or attain the hyper-polarity for growth. Consistent with the phenotypes, the IBD1 overexpressing cells contain a broad range of DNA content, from 2 to 4 N or more. A functional Ibd1p-GFP fusion protein localizes to a single dot at the nuclear DNA boundary in the divided nuclei or to double dots in dividing nuclei, suggesting its localization on the spindle pole body (SPB). The cross-species expressions of IBD1 in S. pombe and byr4 in S. cerevisiae cause defects in shape, implicating the presence of a conserved mechanism for the control of cytokinesis in eukaryotes. We propose that Ibd1p is an SPB associated protein that links proper nuclear division to cytokinesis and bud separation. Copyright (C) 1999 Elsevier Science B.V.

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