Facial nerves are frequently injured during cosmetic or other types of facial surgery. However, information on the genes involved in the damage and recovery of the facial nerves is limited. Here, we aimed to identify the genes affected by facial nerve injury and repair using next-generation sequencing. We established a rat axotomy model and a parallel epineurial neurorrhaphy model, in which gene expression was analyzed from 3 days to 8 weeks after surgery. We discovered that ARRB1, SGK1, and GSK3B genes associated with neuronal cell death were upregulated in the axotomy model. In contrast, MFRP, MDK, and ACE genes involved in neural recovery and regeneration exhibited higher expression in the neurorrhaphy model. In the present study, the analysis of the big data obtained from the next-generation sequencing (RNA-seq) technology reveals that the expression of genes involved in neuronal cell death is induced during nerve damage, and those associated with neural recovery are more abundantly expressed during repair processes. These results are considered to be useful for the establishment of the treatment of related diseases and basic research in various neuroscience fields by utilizing damage and recovery mechanism of facial nerves.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by the Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education ( NRF-2017R1D1A1B03028342 ) and the Medical Research Center Program ( 2017R1A5A2015369 ) from the Ministry of Science and Information and Communications Technologies. This study was also supported by the Regeneration Medicine Research Center, Yonsei University Wonju College of Medicine .
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
- Cell Biology