Identification of nontuberculous mycobacteria isolated from household showerheads of patients with nontuberculous mycobacteria

Ji Yeon Choi, Bo Ra Sim, Youngmok Park, Seung Hyun Yong, Sung Jae Shin, Young Ae Kang

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This study aimed to examine whether nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) inside household showerheads are identical to those in patients with NTM-pulmonary disease (PD) since household water is one of the potential NTM sources. Samples were obtained from 32 household showerheads of patients with NTM-PD recruited through the Pulmonary Outpatient Department at the Severance Hospital between October 2018 and October 2019. All isolates from patients with NTM-PD were diagnosed using a reverse-hybridization line probe assay based on the ropB gene. To determine the mycobacterial compositions, the washing fluids were collected and investigated using multiplex polymerase chain reaction assay and NTM culture; suspected microbial isolates in these fluids and culture were identified using sequencing analysis of 16S rRNA gene. NTM species causing the PD in the patients were Mycobacterium avium, M. intracellulare, M. abscessus, M. massiliense, and M. fortuitum complex. The mycobacteria isolated from the showerhead were M. lentiflavum, M. gordonae, M. triplex, M. phocaicum, M. mucogenicum, M. florentinum, M. gilvum, M. llatzerense, and M. peregrinum. However, the species identified in the showerheads did not match those of the patients. Despite NTM species in the showerheads, clinical implications in the main pathogenesis associated with the disease in the patients studied were not elucidated.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8648
JournalScientific reports
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Dec

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© 2022, The Author(s).

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

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