Pyruvate dehydrogenase kinases (PDHKs) promote abnormal respiration in cancer cells. Studies with novel resorcinol amide derivatives based on VER-246608 (6) led to the identification of 19n and 19t containing five-membered heteroaromatic rings as unique structural features. These substances possess single-digit nanomolar activities against PDHKs. 19t exhibits higher potencies against PDHK1/2/4 than does 6 and inhibits only PDHKs among 366 kinases. Moreover, 19g, 19l, and 19s were found to be isotype-selective PDHK inhibitors. Molecular dynamics simulations provide a better understanding of how the heteroaromatic rings affect the activities of 19n and 19t on PDHK1/2/3/4. Moreover, 19n possesses a much higher antiproliferative activity against cancer cells than does 6. We demonstrated that the results of PDH assays better correlate with cellular activities than do those of PDHK kinase assays. Furthermore, 19n induces apoptosis of cancer cells via mitochondrial dysfunction, suppresses tumorigenesis, and displays a synergistic effect on satraplatin suppression of cancer cell proliferation.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST); the KU-KIST Graduate School of Converging Science and Technology Program; Candidate Development Program [NRF-2016M3A9B5940991] of the National Research Foundation funded by the Ministry of Science and ICT, Republic of Korea; and the Korea Health Technology R&D Project [HI16C1501] of the Korea Health Industry Development Institute, funded by the Ministry of Health & Welfare, Republic of Korea.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Medicine
- Drug Discovery