Activation of cytoplasmic serine/threonine kinase Raf-1, an important effector of Ras, requires direct binding to Ras. The yeast two-hybrid screening system used for identification of inhibitors of Ras/Raf-1 interaction showed radicicol to be an inhibitor. Radicicol has been shown to induce morphological reversion of transformed cells. Immunoprecipitation with an anti-Ras antibody revealed that the in vivo Ras/Raf-1 binding in v-Ha-ras-transformed cells was also blocked by low concentrations of radicicol (0.1 ~ 1 μg/ml), while degradation of Raf-1 was induced at concentrations higher than 2 μg/ml. However, in vitro binding of glutathion S-transferase-fused Ras to a maltose binding protein-fused RIP3 containing the Ras-binding domain (RBD) of Raf-1 was not inhibited by radicicol. Similar two-hybrid assays with several truncated forms of Raf-1 showed that both the conserved serine/threonine-rich domain (CR2) and the C-terminal protein kinase domain (CR3) were required for the full inhibition by radicicol. These results suggest that radicicol interacts directly or indirectly with the region except with RBD of Raf-1, thereby inhibiting a conformational change of Raf-1 prerequisite for binding to Ras.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Drug Discovery