Background: For this study, the aim was to identify combined biomarkers associated with bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (BRONJ). Materials and Methods: Microarray data for GSE7116 were downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus database, which contains 26 samples, including without ONJ, and 5 healthy volunteers. The combined biomarkers were identified using principal component analysis, and the pathway enrichment analyses were performed using the DAVID online tool. Results: Two hundred differently expressed genes between groups were detected according to the significances. From functional annotation, Y-box binding protein 1 and heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein C were found to be included in the most significant 10 pathways. Ten combined gene sets were identified that were effective in classifying multiple myeloma (MM) with ONJ and MM without ONJ. Conclusion: Identifying combined gene expression profiles is expected to contribute to more personalized management of BRONJ and to improve existing therapies, and it will be helpful in finding new therapies by identifying more predictive biomarkers.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by grants from the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF-2016R1D1A1B03934112, NRF-2016R1D1A1B03934296) funded by the Korea government (MOE).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Oral Surgery