Identifying multiquark hadrons from heavy ion collisions

Sungtae Cho, Takenori Furumoto, Tetsuo Hyodo, Daisuke Jido, Che Ming Ko, Su Houng Lee, Marina Nielsen, Akira Ohnishi, Takayasu Sekihara, Shigehiro Yasui, Koichi Yazaki

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Abstract

Identifying hadronic molecular states and/or hadrons with multiquark components either with or without exotic quantum numbers is a long-standing challenge in hadronic physics. We suggest that studying the production of these hadrons in relativistic heavy ion collisions offers a promising resolution to this problem as yields of exotic hadrons are expected to be strongly affected by their structures. Using the coalescence model for hadron production, we find that, compared to the case of a nonexotic hadron with normal quark numbers, the yield of an exotic hadron is typically an order of magnitude smaller when it is a compact multiquark state and a factor of 2 or more larger when it is a loosely bound hadronic molecule. We further find that some of the newly proposed heavy exotic states could be produced and realistically measured in these experiments.

Original languageEnglish
Article number212001
JournalPhysical review letters
Volume106
Issue number21
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 May 24

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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    Cho, S., Furumoto, T., Hyodo, T., Jido, D., Ko, C. M., Lee, S. H., Nielsen, M., Ohnishi, A., Sekihara, T., Yasui, S., & Yazaki, K. (2011). Identifying multiquark hadrons from heavy ion collisions. Physical review letters, 106(21), [212001]. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.106.212001