IL-33 induces Th17-mediated airway inflammation via mast cells in ovalbumin-challenged mice

Kyung Ah Cho, Jee Won Suh, Jung Ho Sohn, Jung Won Park, Hyejin Lee, Ji Hee Lee Kang, So Youn Woo, Young Joo Cho

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42 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Allergic asthma is characterized by infiltration of eosinophils, elevated Th2 cytokine levels, airway hyperresponsiveness, and IgE. In addition to eosinophils, mast cells, and basophils, a variety of cytokines are also involved in the development of allergic asthma. The pivotal role of eosinophils in the progression of the disease has been a subject of controversy. To determine the role of eosinophils in the progression of airway inflammation, we sensitized and challenged BALB/c wild-type (WT) mice and eosinophil-deficient ΔdblGATA mice with ovalbumin (OVA) and analyzed different aspects of inflammation. We observed increased eosinophil levels and a Th2-dominant response in OVA-challenged WT mice. In contrast, eosinophil-deficient ΔdblGATA mice displayed an increased proportion of mast cells and a Th17-biased response following OVA inhalation. Notably, the levels of IL-33, an important cytokine responsible for Th2 immune deviation, were not different between WT and eosinophil-deficient mice. We also demonstrated that mast cells induced Th17-differentiation via IL-33/ST2 stimulation in vitro. These results indicate that eosinophils are not essential for the development of allergic asthma and that mast cells can skew the immune reaction predominantly toward Th17 responses via IL-33 stimulation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)L429-L440
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
Volume302
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Feb 1

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cell Biology

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