Phospholipase D (PLD) is one of the intracellular signal transduction enzymes and plays an important role in a variety of cellular functions. We investigated the distribution of PLD isozyme, PLD1 in the rat brain and spinal cord using an immunological approach. Western blot analysis showed the presence of PLD1 protein in all tissues studied, with significantly higher levels in the brainstem and spinal cord, which was correlated with the results obtained from PLD activity assay. Prominent and specific signals of PLD1 were observed in many functionally diverse brain areas, including the olfactory bulb, medial septum-diagonal band complex, cerebral cortex, brainstem, cerebellum, and spinal cord. In the brainstem, the red nucleus, substantia nigra, interpeduncular nucleus, cranial motor nuclei (trigeminal motor, abducent, facial, and hypoglossal), sensory cranial nerve nuclei (spinal trigeminal, vestibular, and cochlear), as well as nuclei of the reticular formation, all showed intense immunoreactivity. Purkinje cells and deep cerebellar nuclei of the cerebellum were also labeled intensely. However, no significant labeling was found in the thalamus, epithalamus, and basal ganglia. Although many of the PLD1 immunoreactive cells were neurons, PLD1 was also expressed in glial cells such as presumed astrocytes and tanycytes. These findings suggest that PLD1 may play an important role in the central nervous system of the adult rat.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Clinical Neurology
- Developmental Biology