Oligodeoxynucleotides containing immunostimulatory CpG motifs (CpG-DNA) have gained attention as potentially useful therapeutics. However, the phosphorothioate-modified CpG-DNAs (PS-ODN) can induce backbone-related side effects. Here, we compared the immunostimulatory activity of natural phosphodiester CpG-DNA (PO-ODN) from Mycobacterium bovis and PS-ODN in mice. Both PO-ODN and PS-ODN induced production of IL-12. PS-ODN increased spleen weights, spleen cell numbers, and the migration of macrophages into the peritoneal cavity in the mice in a CG sequence-dependent manner. PS-ODN induced anti-PS-ODN antibody production in the mice, and the PS-ODN-specific IgM was cross-reactive with other PS-ODNs in a CG sequence-independent manner. In contrast, PO-ODN did not affect on spleen weights, cell numbers, or IgM production. These results may provide an explanation for the side effects in immunotherapeutic application of PS-ODN. They also suggest that PO-ODN may be more optimal than PS-ODN to enhance innate immune responses without severe side effects.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - 2009 Feb 6|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology