OBJECTIVESAcute kidney injury (AKI) is one of the most frequently occurring complications after off-pump coronary artery bypass graft (OPCAB). Hyperglycaemia is a major, potentially modifiable risk factor of adverse outcome after cardiac surgery known to aggravate organ damage. The aim of this study was to address the association between intraoperative glucose concentration and postoperative AKI in patients who underwent OPCAB.METHODSThe medical records of 880 consecutive patients were retrospectively reviewed. Patients were divided into three groups according to the time-weighted average of intraoperative glucose concentrations (<110, 110-150 and >150 mg/dl), and the incidence of AKI (increase of serum creatinine to >2.0 mg/dl and 2 × most recent preoperative value or a new requirement for dialysis) was compared. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to identify independent risk factors for postoperative AKI.RESULTSThe incidence of AKI was higher in patients with a glucose level >150 mg/dl than in patients with a glucose level = 110-150 mg/dl [8% (20 of 251) vs 3% (14 of 453), P = 0.004]. On multivariate analysis, glucose >150 mg/dl (odds ratio [OR], 2.78; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.12-6.86, P = 0.027), coefficient of variation of glucose (OR, 1.04; 95% CI, 1.01-1.07, P = 0.027) and preoperative serum creatinine >1.4 mg/dl (OR, 8.81; 95% CI, 3.90-19.9, P < 0.001) were identified as independent risk factors for postoperative AKI.CONCLUSIONSIntraoperative glucose concentration >150 mg/dl and increased variability of glucose were independently associated with AKI after OPCAB. Tight intraoperative glycaemic control (<110 mg/dl) does not seem to provide additional benefit in terms of AKI.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine