Impact of intravascular ultrasound guidance on long-term mortality in stenting for unprotected left main coronary artery stenosis

Seung Jung Park, Young Hak Kim, Duk Woo Park, Seung Whan Lee, Won Jang Kim, Jon Suh, Sung Cheol Yun, Cheol Whan Lee, Myeong Ki Hong, Jae Hwan Lee, Seong Wook Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

329 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background-Although intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) guidance has been useful in stenting for unprotected left main coronary artery stenosis, its impact on long-term mortality is still unclear. Methods and Results-In the MAIN-COMPARE registry, patients with unprotected left main coronary artery stenosis in a hemodynamically stable condition underwent elective stenting under the guidance of IVUS (756 patients) or conventional angiography (219 patients). Patients with acute myocardial infarction were excluded. The 3-year outcomes between the 2 groups were primarily compared using propensity-score matching in the entire and separate populations according to stent type. In 201 matched pairs of the overall population, there was a tendency of lower risk of 3-year morality with IVUS guidance compared with angiography guidance (6.0% versus 13.6%, log-rank P=0.063; hazard ratio, 0.54; 95% CI, 0.28 to 1.03; Cox-model P=0.061). In particular, in 145 matched pairs of patients receiving drug-eluting stent, the 3-year incidence of mortality was lower with IVUS guidance as compared with angiography guidance (4.7% versus 16.0%, log-rank P=0.048; hazard ratio, 0.39; 95% CI, 0.15 to 1.02; Cox model P=0.055). In contrast, the use of IVUS guidance did not reduce the risk of mortality in 47 matched pairs of patients receiving bare-metal stent (8.6% versus 10.8%, log-rank P=0.35; hazard ratio, 0.59; 95% CI, 0.18 to 1.91; Cox model P=0.38). The risk of myocardial infarction or target vessel revascularization was not associated with the use of IVUS guidance. Conclusions-Elective stenting with IVUS guidance, especially in the placement of drug-eluting stent, may reduce the long-term mortality rate for unprotected left main coronary artery stenosis when compared with conventional angiography guidance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)167-177
Number of pages11
JournalCirculation: Cardiovascular Interventions
Volume2
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Jun 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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