Impact of metabolic acidosis on serum albumin and other nutritional parameters in long-term CAPD patients.

Shin-Wook Kang, S. W. Lee, I. H. Lee, B. S. Kim, K. H. Choi, H. Y. Lee, D. S. Han

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Abstract

To evaluate the effects of metabolic acidosis on serum albumin and other nutritional parameters in long-term continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients, we undertook a retrospective study involving 106 CAPD patients who had monthly biochemical measurements and urea kinetic studies every 6 months for more than 2 years. The patients were divided into three groups according to their mean total CO2 (tCO2) level of the 2-year follow-up (Group I: mean tCO2 < 22 mmol/L; Group II: 22 mmol/L < or = tCO2 < 26 mmol/L; Group III: mean tCO2 > or = 26 mmol/L), and the clinical, biochemical, and urea kinetic data were compared between the three groups. The mean tCO2 in Groups I, II, and III were 20.62 +/- 1.2 mmol/L, 23.91 +/- 1.1 mmol/L, and 27.3 +/- 0.8 mmol/L, respectively. The percentage of body weight (Bwt) to ideal body weight (IBW) was significantly higher in Group I (113.1 +/- 15.3%) compared to Group II (103.5 +/- 11.5%) and Group III (98.7 +/- 8.0%) (p < 0.05), but the percentage of lean body mass (LBM) to Bwt was not different between the three groups. Compared to Group III, Group I had significantly higher blood urea nitrogen (BUN) (61.1 +/- 14.3 vs 46.1 +/- 7.2 mg/dL, p < 0.05), serum albumin (4.04 +/- 0.31 vs 3.75 +/- 0.39 g/dL, p < 0.05), and normalized protein equivalent to nitrogen appearance (NPNA) (1.02 +/- 0.21 vs 0.88 +/- 0.14 g/kg/day, p < 0.05), and more ultrafiltration volume (1.4 +/- 0.4 vs 1.0 +/- 0.3 L/day, p < 0.05), in spite of comparable dialysis dose and albumin loss into the dialysate. No differences were observed in the three groups in the changes of tCO2, Bwt/IBW, LBM/Bwt, BUN, and albumin from the baseline values after the 2-year follow-up. Using stepwise multiple regression analysis, NPNA, Bwt/IBW, and ultrafiltration volume were independent factors affecting mean tCO2 level. In conclusion, low tCO2 levels in long-term CAPD patients may reflect increased protein intake, and the mild to moderate degrees of metabolic acidosis may not affect the nutritional status of well-dialyzed CAPD patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)249-252
Number of pages4
JournalAdvances in peritoneal dialysis. Conference on Peritoneal Dialysis
Volume13
Publication statusPublished - 1997 Jan 1

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Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis
Acidosis
Serum Albumin
Ideal Body Weight
Body Weight
Blood Urea Nitrogen
Ultrafiltration
Urea
Albumins
Nitrogen
Proteins
Dialysis Solutions
Nutritional Status
Dialysis
Retrospective Studies
Regression Analysis

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

@article{6ea3d1f1520443e2b2babb4f1eb2889b,
title = "Impact of metabolic acidosis on serum albumin and other nutritional parameters in long-term CAPD patients.",
abstract = "To evaluate the effects of metabolic acidosis on serum albumin and other nutritional parameters in long-term continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients, we undertook a retrospective study involving 106 CAPD patients who had monthly biochemical measurements and urea kinetic studies every 6 months for more than 2 years. The patients were divided into three groups according to their mean total CO2 (tCO2) level of the 2-year follow-up (Group I: mean tCO2 < 22 mmol/L; Group II: 22 mmol/L < or = tCO2 < 26 mmol/L; Group III: mean tCO2 > or = 26 mmol/L), and the clinical, biochemical, and urea kinetic data were compared between the three groups. The mean tCO2 in Groups I, II, and III were 20.62 +/- 1.2 mmol/L, 23.91 +/- 1.1 mmol/L, and 27.3 +/- 0.8 mmol/L, respectively. The percentage of body weight (Bwt) to ideal body weight (IBW) was significantly higher in Group I (113.1 +/- 15.3{\%}) compared to Group II (103.5 +/- 11.5{\%}) and Group III (98.7 +/- 8.0{\%}) (p < 0.05), but the percentage of lean body mass (LBM) to Bwt was not different between the three groups. Compared to Group III, Group I had significantly higher blood urea nitrogen (BUN) (61.1 +/- 14.3 vs 46.1 +/- 7.2 mg/dL, p < 0.05), serum albumin (4.04 +/- 0.31 vs 3.75 +/- 0.39 g/dL, p < 0.05), and normalized protein equivalent to nitrogen appearance (NPNA) (1.02 +/- 0.21 vs 0.88 +/- 0.14 g/kg/day, p < 0.05), and more ultrafiltration volume (1.4 +/- 0.4 vs 1.0 +/- 0.3 L/day, p < 0.05), in spite of comparable dialysis dose and albumin loss into the dialysate. No differences were observed in the three groups in the changes of tCO2, Bwt/IBW, LBM/Bwt, BUN, and albumin from the baseline values after the 2-year follow-up. Using stepwise multiple regression analysis, NPNA, Bwt/IBW, and ultrafiltration volume were independent factors affecting mean tCO2 level. In conclusion, low tCO2 levels in long-term CAPD patients may reflect increased protein intake, and the mild to moderate degrees of metabolic acidosis may not affect the nutritional status of well-dialyzed CAPD patients.",
author = "Shin-Wook Kang and Lee, {S. W.} and Lee, {I. H.} and Kim, {B. S.} and Choi, {K. H.} and Lee, {H. Y.} and Han, {D. S.}",
year = "1997",
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volume = "13",
pages = "249--252",
journal = "Advances in peritoneal dialysis. Conference on Peritoneal Dialysis",
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Impact of metabolic acidosis on serum albumin and other nutritional parameters in long-term CAPD patients. / Kang, Shin-Wook; Lee, S. W.; Lee, I. H.; Kim, B. S.; Choi, K. H.; Lee, H. Y.; Han, D. S.

In: Advances in peritoneal dialysis. Conference on Peritoneal Dialysis, Vol. 13, 01.01.1997, p. 249-252.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Impact of metabolic acidosis on serum albumin and other nutritional parameters in long-term CAPD patients.

AU - Kang, Shin-Wook

AU - Lee, S. W.

AU - Lee, I. H.

AU - Kim, B. S.

AU - Choi, K. H.

AU - Lee, H. Y.

AU - Han, D. S.

PY - 1997/1/1

Y1 - 1997/1/1

N2 - To evaluate the effects of metabolic acidosis on serum albumin and other nutritional parameters in long-term continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients, we undertook a retrospective study involving 106 CAPD patients who had monthly biochemical measurements and urea kinetic studies every 6 months for more than 2 years. The patients were divided into three groups according to their mean total CO2 (tCO2) level of the 2-year follow-up (Group I: mean tCO2 < 22 mmol/L; Group II: 22 mmol/L < or = tCO2 < 26 mmol/L; Group III: mean tCO2 > or = 26 mmol/L), and the clinical, biochemical, and urea kinetic data were compared between the three groups. The mean tCO2 in Groups I, II, and III were 20.62 +/- 1.2 mmol/L, 23.91 +/- 1.1 mmol/L, and 27.3 +/- 0.8 mmol/L, respectively. The percentage of body weight (Bwt) to ideal body weight (IBW) was significantly higher in Group I (113.1 +/- 15.3%) compared to Group II (103.5 +/- 11.5%) and Group III (98.7 +/- 8.0%) (p < 0.05), but the percentage of lean body mass (LBM) to Bwt was not different between the three groups. Compared to Group III, Group I had significantly higher blood urea nitrogen (BUN) (61.1 +/- 14.3 vs 46.1 +/- 7.2 mg/dL, p < 0.05), serum albumin (4.04 +/- 0.31 vs 3.75 +/- 0.39 g/dL, p < 0.05), and normalized protein equivalent to nitrogen appearance (NPNA) (1.02 +/- 0.21 vs 0.88 +/- 0.14 g/kg/day, p < 0.05), and more ultrafiltration volume (1.4 +/- 0.4 vs 1.0 +/- 0.3 L/day, p < 0.05), in spite of comparable dialysis dose and albumin loss into the dialysate. No differences were observed in the three groups in the changes of tCO2, Bwt/IBW, LBM/Bwt, BUN, and albumin from the baseline values after the 2-year follow-up. Using stepwise multiple regression analysis, NPNA, Bwt/IBW, and ultrafiltration volume were independent factors affecting mean tCO2 level. In conclusion, low tCO2 levels in long-term CAPD patients may reflect increased protein intake, and the mild to moderate degrees of metabolic acidosis may not affect the nutritional status of well-dialyzed CAPD patients.

AB - To evaluate the effects of metabolic acidosis on serum albumin and other nutritional parameters in long-term continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients, we undertook a retrospective study involving 106 CAPD patients who had monthly biochemical measurements and urea kinetic studies every 6 months for more than 2 years. The patients were divided into three groups according to their mean total CO2 (tCO2) level of the 2-year follow-up (Group I: mean tCO2 < 22 mmol/L; Group II: 22 mmol/L < or = tCO2 < 26 mmol/L; Group III: mean tCO2 > or = 26 mmol/L), and the clinical, biochemical, and urea kinetic data were compared between the three groups. The mean tCO2 in Groups I, II, and III were 20.62 +/- 1.2 mmol/L, 23.91 +/- 1.1 mmol/L, and 27.3 +/- 0.8 mmol/L, respectively. The percentage of body weight (Bwt) to ideal body weight (IBW) was significantly higher in Group I (113.1 +/- 15.3%) compared to Group II (103.5 +/- 11.5%) and Group III (98.7 +/- 8.0%) (p < 0.05), but the percentage of lean body mass (LBM) to Bwt was not different between the three groups. Compared to Group III, Group I had significantly higher blood urea nitrogen (BUN) (61.1 +/- 14.3 vs 46.1 +/- 7.2 mg/dL, p < 0.05), serum albumin (4.04 +/- 0.31 vs 3.75 +/- 0.39 g/dL, p < 0.05), and normalized protein equivalent to nitrogen appearance (NPNA) (1.02 +/- 0.21 vs 0.88 +/- 0.14 g/kg/day, p < 0.05), and more ultrafiltration volume (1.4 +/- 0.4 vs 1.0 +/- 0.3 L/day, p < 0.05), in spite of comparable dialysis dose and albumin loss into the dialysate. No differences were observed in the three groups in the changes of tCO2, Bwt/IBW, LBM/Bwt, BUN, and albumin from the baseline values after the 2-year follow-up. Using stepwise multiple regression analysis, NPNA, Bwt/IBW, and ultrafiltration volume were independent factors affecting mean tCO2 level. In conclusion, low tCO2 levels in long-term CAPD patients may reflect increased protein intake, and the mild to moderate degrees of metabolic acidosis may not affect the nutritional status of well-dialyzed CAPD patients.

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JO - Advances in peritoneal dialysis. Conference on Peritoneal Dialysis

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