Introduction: Discontinuation of oral anticoagulants such as non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) may induce a hypercoagulable state, leading to severe stroke and poor outcomes. This study aimed to compare stroke outcomes between NOACs withdrawal and other prior medication statuses in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF). Methods: Consecutive patients who had pre-existing NVAF and were admitted for an acute ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack- at five hospitals between January 2013 and December 2016 were included. Prior medication status was categorized into seven groups such as no antithrombotics, antiplatelet-only, warfarin with subtherapeutic intensity, warfarin with therapeutic intensity, NOAC, warfarin withdrawal, and NOAC withdrawal. We compared initial National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) scores between groups Results: Among 719 patients with NVAF, The median NIHSS score at admission was 5 (IQR 1-13). The NOAC withdrawal group had the highest median NIHSS scores at stroke onset [16, interquartile range, IQR (1–17)], followed by the warfarin withdrawal group [11, IQR (1–14, 18)], the no antithrombotic group [5, IQR (1–13, 18, 19)], and the warfarin with subtherapeutic intensity group [5, IQR (1–10, 18, 19)]. A Multivariable analysis demonstrated that NOAC withdrawal was independently associated with higher NIHSS scores at stroke onset (B 4.645, 95% confidence interval 0.384–8.906, P = 0.033). The median interval from drug withdrawal to ischemic stroke or TIA was 7 days (IQR 4-15) in the NOAC group. Conclusions: Stroke that occurred after stopping oral anticoagulants, especially NOAC, and was more severe at presentation and associated with poorer outcomes.
|Journal||Frontiers in Neurology|
|Publication status||Published - 2018 Dec 18|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Funding. This work was supported by a grant from the Korea Heath Technology R&D Project through the Korea Health Industry Development (KHIDI), funded by the Ministry of Health & Welfare, Republic from Korea (HI08C2149) and a faculty research grant from the Yonsei University College of Medicine (6-2017-0128).
© Copyright © 2018 Park, Han, Lee, Choi, Cheon, Cho, Jung, Park, Nam, Heo, Lee, Saposnik and Kim.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Neurology