This paper proposed to interpret the novel method of extracellular polymeric substance (EPS) removal in advance to sludge disintegration to enrich bioenergy generation. The sludge has been subjected to deflocculation using Zinc oxide/Chitosan nanocomposite film (ZCNF) and achieved 98.97% of solubilization which enhance the solubilization of organics. The obtained result revealed that higher solubilization efficiency of 23.3% was attained at an optimal specific energy of 2186 kJ/kg TS and disintegration duration of 30 min. The deflocculated sludge showed 8.2% higher solubilization than the flocculated sludge emancipates organics in the form of 1.64 g/L of SCOD thereby enhancing the methane generation. The deflocculated sludge produces methane of 230 mL/g COD attained overall solid reduction of 55.5% however, flocculated and control sludge produces only 182.25 mL/g COD and 142.8 mL/g COD of methane. Based on the energy, mass and cost analysis, the deflocculated sludge saved 94.1% of energy than the control and obtained the net cost of 5.59 $/t which is comparatively higher than the flocculated and control sludge.
|Publication status||Published - 2022 Jan|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the Department of Biotechnology , India under its initiative “Mission innovation Challenge Scheme (IC4)”. The research grant from the project “A novel integrated biorefinery for conversion of lignocellulosic agro waste into value-added products and bioenergy” ( BT/PR31054/PBD/26/763/2019 ) was used in this study. This work also was supported by Taif University researchers supporting project number ( TURSP-2020/40 ), Taif University , Taif, Saudi Arabia.
© 2021 Elsevier Ltd
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Environmental Engineering
- Environmental Chemistry
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis