Impact of preoperative laboratory frailty index on mortality and clinical outcomes in older surgical patients with cancer

Yoonjoo Kim, Kijun Song, Chang Moo Kang, Hyangkyu Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Frailty in older patients is associated with poor postoperative outcomes. The use of uncomplicated frailty measurement tools is preferred in busy clinical settings. Therefore, we validated the frailty index using routine laboratory data and the surgical outcomes of older patients with cancer who underwent cancer resection. We retrospectively analyzed 9015 patients aged 65 years and older who underwent cancer resection at a single tertiary hospital. Based on electronic-medical-record data regarding preoperative blood test results and vital signs, Laboratory Frailty Index (FI-Lab) scores were generated to measure preoperative frailty. The associations of FI-Lab with postoperative length of stay (LOS), readmission within 30 days, intensive care unit (ICU) admission within 30 days, and mortality were evaluated. The mean FI-Lab score of the 9015 patients was 0.20 ± 0.10. Increased FI-Lab scores (0.25–0.4; > 0.4) were associated with longer LOS, increased readmission within 30 days of surgery, ICU admission, and increased mortality, compared with FI-Lab scores < 0.25. The FI-Lab score, as a frailty indicator, was able to predict the risk of poor postoperative outcomes. Therefore, the FI-Lab is a potentially useful tool for assessing preoperative frailty in older patients with cancer in acute clinical setting.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9200
JournalScientific reports
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Dec

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Student-Faculty Research Grant of Yonsei University College of Nursing [6-2020-0197] to YK and HL, and Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education [No. 2020R1A6A1A03041989] to KS and HL.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022, The Author(s).

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

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