Literature has focused inventory models with intensive emphasis on imperfect production processes in recent past. However, the work-in-process-based inventory models have been ignored, relatively, in general and the impact of random defects in the form of reworkable and non-reworkable defect rate on lot size and total cost function in particular. This paper develops mathematical models for work-in-process-based inventory by incorporating the effect of random defects rate on lot size and expected total cost function. Our proposed models assume that defective products produced during the production process follow random distributions. Defective products, either in the form of reworkable or rejected production units, follow four types of distribution density functions: uniform, triangular, double triangular and beta distribution. Mathematical models are derived for optimum lot size based on minimization of expected total cost function through the analytical optimization approach. Numerical examples and detailed sensitivity analysis are carried to illustrate and compare the proposed models at different levels of distribution functions’ parameters.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Strategy and Management
- Management Science and Operations Research
- Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering