Impact of the metabolic syndrome on the clinical outcome of patients with acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction

Min Goo Lee, Myung Ho Jeong, Youngkeun Ahn, Shung Chull Chae, Seung Ho Hur, Taek Jong Hong, Young Jo Kim, In Whan Seong, Jei Keon Chae, Jay Young Rhew, In Ho Chae, Myeong Chan Cho, Jang Ho Bae, Seung Woon Rha, Chong Jin Kim, Donghoon Choi, Yang Soo Jang, Junghan Yoon, Wook Sung Chung, Jeong Gwan ChoKi Bae Seung, Seung Jung Park

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Abstract

We sought to determine the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MS) in patients with acute myocardial infarction and its effect on clinical outcomes. Employing data from the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry, a total of 1,990 patients suffered from acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) between November 2005 and December 2006 were categorized according to the National Cholesterol Education Program-Adult Treatment Panel III criteria of MS. Primary study outcomes included major adverse cardiac events (MACE) during one-year follow-up. Patients were grouped based on existence of MS: group I: MS (n=1,182, 777 men, 62.8±12.3 yr); group II: Non-MS (n=808, 675 men, 64.2±13.1 yr). Group I showed lower left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) (P=0.005). There were no differences between two groups in the coronary angiographic findings except for multivessel involvement (P=0.01). The incidence of in-hospital death was higher in group I than in group II (P=0.047), but the rates of composite MACE during one-year clinical follow-up showed no significant differences. Multivariate analysis showed that low LVEF, old age, MS, low high density lipoprotein cholesterol and multivessel involvement were associated with high in-hospital death rate. In conclusion, MS is an important predictor for in-hospital death in patients with STEMI.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1456-1461
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Korean medical science
Volume25
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Oct 1

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Lee, M. G., Jeong, M. H., Ahn, Y., Chae, S. C., Hur, S. H., Hong, T. J., Kim, Y. J., Seong, I. W., Chae, J. K., Rhew, J. Y., Chae, I. H., Cho, M. C., Bae, J. H., Rha, S. W., Kim, C. J., Choi, D., Jang, Y. S., Yoon, J., Chung, W. S., ... Park, S. J. (2010). Impact of the metabolic syndrome on the clinical outcome of patients with acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction. Journal of Korean medical science, 25(10), 1456-1461. https://doi.org/10.3346/jkms.2010.25.10.1456