Impacts of introducing a convective gravity-wave parameterization upon the QBO in the Met Office Unified Model

Y. H. Kim, A. C. Bushell, D. R. Jackson, H. Y. Chun

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29 Citations (Scopus)


A convective gravity-wave parameterization (GWP) is introduced in the Met Office Unified Model (MetUM) in addition to the existing GWPs, and the tropical quasi-biennial oscillation (QBO) is simulated. We replace a significant amount of momentum flux, which is originally launched by the background GWP, with the convective gravity-wave (CGW) momentum flux with a broad wave spectrum that is explicitly determined by the convective sources. Compared to the experiment without the CGW parameterization, including the CGW parameterization results in a greater variability in the duration of each phase of the QBO, which is closer to observed. Including the CGWs also strengthens the annual cycle of zonal wind and it allows for stronger modulation of the semi-annual oscillation. Key Points Introducing a convective GW parameterization increases variations in the QBOIntroducing the parameterization strengthens the annual cycle of tropical windIntroducing the parameterization allows for seasonal modulation of the SAO

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1873-1877
Number of pages5
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2013 May 16


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

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