Impaired autophagy and delayed autophagic clearance of transforming growth factor β-induced protein (TGFBI) in granular corneal dystrophy type 2

Seung Il Choi, Bong Yoon Kim, Shorafidinkhuja Dadakhujaev, Jun Young Oh, Tae Im Kim, Joo Young Kim, Eung Kweon Kim

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Abstract

Granular corneal dystrophy type 2 (GCD2) is an autosomal dominant disease characterized by a progressive agedependent extracellular accumulation of transforming growth factor β-induced protein (TGFBI). Corneal fibroblasts from GCD2 patients also have progressive degenerative features, but the mechanism underlying this degeneration remains unknown. Here we observed that TGFBI was degraded by autophagy, but not by the ubiquitin/proteasome-dependent pathway. We also found that GCD2 homozygous corneal fibroblasts displayed a greater number of fragmented mitochondria. Most notably, mutant TGFBI (mut-TGFBI) extensively colocalized with microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3β (MAP1LC3B, hereafter referred to as LC3)-enriched cytosolic vesicles and CTSD in primary cultured GCD2 corneal fibroblasts. Levels of LC3-II , a marker of autophagy activation, were significantly increased in GCD2 corneal fibroblasts. Nevertheless, levels of SQSTM1/p62 and of polyubiquitinated protein were also significantly increased in GCD2 corneal fibroblasts compared with wild-type (WT) cells. However, LC3-II levels did not differ significantly between WT and GCD2 cells, as assessed by the presence of bafilomycin A 1, the fusion blocker of autophagosomes and lysosomes. Likewise, bafilomycin A1 caused a similar change in levels of SQSTM1. Thus, the increase in autophagosomes containing mut-TGFBI may be due to inefficient fusion between autophagosomes and lysosomes. Rapamycin, an autophagy activator, decreased mut-TGFBI, whereas inhibition of autophagy increased active caspase-3, poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 (PARP1) and reduced the viability of GCD2 corneal fibroblasts compared with WT controls. These data suggest that defective autophagy may play a critical role in the pathogenesis of GCD2.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1782-1797
Number of pages16
JournalAutophagy
Volume8
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Dec

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Autophagy
Transforming Growth Factors
Fibroblasts
Lysosomes
Corneal dystrophy Avellino type
betaIG-H3 protein
Microtubule-Associated Proteins
Proteasome Endopeptidase Complex
Sirolimus
Ubiquitin
Caspase 3
Mitochondria
Light

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Choi, Seung Il ; Kim, Bong Yoon ; Dadakhujaev, Shorafidinkhuja ; Oh, Jun Young ; Kim, Tae Im ; Kim, Joo Young ; Kim, Eung Kweon. / Impaired autophagy and delayed autophagic clearance of transforming growth factor β-induced protein (TGFBI) in granular corneal dystrophy type 2. In: Autophagy. 2012 ; Vol. 8, No. 12. pp. 1782-1797.
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abstract = "Granular corneal dystrophy type 2 (GCD2) is an autosomal dominant disease characterized by a progressive agedependent extracellular accumulation of transforming growth factor β-induced protein (TGFBI). Corneal fibroblasts from GCD2 patients also have progressive degenerative features, but the mechanism underlying this degeneration remains unknown. Here we observed that TGFBI was degraded by autophagy, but not by the ubiquitin/proteasome-dependent pathway. We also found that GCD2 homozygous corneal fibroblasts displayed a greater number of fragmented mitochondria. Most notably, mutant TGFBI (mut-TGFBI) extensively colocalized with microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3β (MAP1LC3B, hereafter referred to as LC3)-enriched cytosolic vesicles and CTSD in primary cultured GCD2 corneal fibroblasts. Levels of LC3-II , a marker of autophagy activation, were significantly increased in GCD2 corneal fibroblasts. Nevertheless, levels of SQSTM1/p62 and of polyubiquitinated protein were also significantly increased in GCD2 corneal fibroblasts compared with wild-type (WT) cells. However, LC3-II levels did not differ significantly between WT and GCD2 cells, as assessed by the presence of bafilomycin A 1, the fusion blocker of autophagosomes and lysosomes. Likewise, bafilomycin A1 caused a similar change in levels of SQSTM1. Thus, the increase in autophagosomes containing mut-TGFBI may be due to inefficient fusion between autophagosomes and lysosomes. Rapamycin, an autophagy activator, decreased mut-TGFBI, whereas inhibition of autophagy increased active caspase-3, poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 (PARP1) and reduced the viability of GCD2 corneal fibroblasts compared with WT controls. These data suggest that defective autophagy may play a critical role in the pathogenesis of GCD2.",
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Impaired autophagy and delayed autophagic clearance of transforming growth factor β-induced protein (TGFBI) in granular corneal dystrophy type 2. / Choi, Seung Il; Kim, Bong Yoon; Dadakhujaev, Shorafidinkhuja; Oh, Jun Young; Kim, Tae Im; Kim, Joo Young; Kim, Eung Kweon.

In: Autophagy, Vol. 8, No. 12, 12.2012, p. 1782-1797.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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