A highly sensitive lectin-based impedimetric detection method has been developed for the determination of galactose in human serum samples. The present method is based on the selective interaction between a target galactose and a galactose-binding lectin, Ricinus communis agglutinin I (RCA120). The quantitative detection of galactose in human serum samples relies on the competition reaction of the target galactose of interest with β-galactose derivative immobilized on a gold electrode surface for a limited amount of RCA120. At equilibrium, the amount of bound RCA120-β-galactose complex on gold electrode surface is inversely proportional to the amount of the target galactose in sample solution. The binding of RCA120 onto the β-galactose-immobilized gold electrode was monitored through electron transfer resistance, which was directly measured by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. The present method can detect galactose from 8.33 × 10−9 M to 1.25 × 10−6 M (r2 = 0.992) with a limit of detection of 5.87 × 10−9 M (S/N = 3), which is much lower than those obtained with enzyme-based amperometric and colorimetric detection methods. The present method was successfully applied to the determination of galactose in human serum samples.
|Journal||Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry|
|Publication status||Published - 2021 Dec 15|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Financial support for this work has been provided by IBS-R026-D1 and Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF-2018R1D1A1A09082076) funded by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology.
© 2021 Elsevier B.V.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Analytical Chemistry
- Chemical Engineering(all)