To evaluate the implication of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)- and dopamine transporter (DAT)-positron emission tomography (PET) in the diagnosis and clinical symptoms of dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB), 55 DLB patients and 49 controls underwent neuropsychological evaluation and FDG-, DAT-, and 18F-Florbetaben (FBB) PET. DAT- and FDG-uptake and FDG/DAT ratio were measured in the anterior and posterior striatum. The first principal component (PC1) of FDG subject residual profiles was identified for each subject. Receiver operating characteristic curve analyses for the diagnosis of DLB were performed using FDG- and DAT-PET biomarkers as predictors, and general linear models for motor severity and cognitive scores were performed adding FBB standardized uptake value ratio as a predictor. Increased metabolism in the bilateral putamen, vermis, and somato-motor cortices, which characterized PC1, was observed in the DLB group, compared to the control group. A combination of posterior putamen FDG/DAT ratio and PC1 showed the highest diagnostic accuracy (91.8% sensitivity and 96.4% specificity), which was significantly greater than that obtained by DAT uptake alone. Striatal DAT uptake and PC1 independently contributed to motor severity and language, memory, frontal/executive, and general cognitive dysfunction in DLB patients, while only PC1 contributed to attention and visuospatial dysfunction.
|Publication status||Published - 2021 Dec|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by a National Research Foundation of Korea Grant funded by the Korean Government (NRF-2019R1I1A1A01059454).
© 2021, The Author(s).
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