Importance of scrotum pulling during diagnostic laparoscopy for impalpable testis

Young Jae Im, Hyun Jin Jung, Yong Seung Lee, Sang Woon Kim, Sang Won Han

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives: To evaluate the significance of a scrotum pulling maneuver during diagnostic laparoscopy for impalpable testis in order to determine whether an initial scrotal or inguinal incision should be carried out. Methods: A total of 75 patients undergoing diagnostic laparoscopy were included in the present study. If the vas deferens and spermatic vessels were noted to enter the internal inguinal ring, the affected scrotum was pulled downwards and the movements of the cord structures were observed. If inferior movement of the cord structures at the internal inguinal ring were noted, a scrotal approach was preferred. In the absence of cord structure movement, an inguinal approach was carried out first. Results: In 59 (76.6%) out of 77 impalpable testes, the spermatic vessels and vas deferens were noted to enter the internal inguinal ring. In 41 of the 59 cases (69.5%), the cord structures were observed to move inferiorly when the scrotum was pulled downwards. In these cases, a scrotal incision was carried out first. In 97% (40/41), a nubbin testis was found and was then excised. In 23% (18/59), the cord structures did not move on pulling the scrotum, and an inguinal approach was initially carried out on these cases. A viable testis was found on the inguinal canal in four cases, and a nubbin testis was excised in 14 cases. Conclusions: In patients with impalpable testis undergoing diagnostic laparoscopy, identification of spermatic cord movement along the internal inguinal ring while pulling the scrotum downwards determines the most appropriate surgical approach. This maneuver might also prevent inappropriately placed skin incisions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)400-403
Number of pages4
JournalInternational Journal of Urology
Volume22
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Apr 1

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Scrotum
Inguinal Canal
Laparoscopy
Testis
Groin
Vas Deferens
Spermatozoa
Spermatic Cord
Skin

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Urology

Cite this

Im, Young Jae ; Jung, Hyun Jin ; Lee, Yong Seung ; Kim, Sang Woon ; Han, Sang Won. / Importance of scrotum pulling during diagnostic laparoscopy for impalpable testis. In: International Journal of Urology. 2015 ; Vol. 22, No. 4. pp. 400-403.
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abstract = "Objectives: To evaluate the significance of a scrotum pulling maneuver during diagnostic laparoscopy for impalpable testis in order to determine whether an initial scrotal or inguinal incision should be carried out. Methods: A total of 75 patients undergoing diagnostic laparoscopy were included in the present study. If the vas deferens and spermatic vessels were noted to enter the internal inguinal ring, the affected scrotum was pulled downwards and the movements of the cord structures were observed. If inferior movement of the cord structures at the internal inguinal ring were noted, a scrotal approach was preferred. In the absence of cord structure movement, an inguinal approach was carried out first. Results: In 59 (76.6{\%}) out of 77 impalpable testes, the spermatic vessels and vas deferens were noted to enter the internal inguinal ring. In 41 of the 59 cases (69.5{\%}), the cord structures were observed to move inferiorly when the scrotum was pulled downwards. In these cases, a scrotal incision was carried out first. In 97{\%} (40/41), a nubbin testis was found and was then excised. In 23{\%} (18/59), the cord structures did not move on pulling the scrotum, and an inguinal approach was initially carried out on these cases. A viable testis was found on the inguinal canal in four cases, and a nubbin testis was excised in 14 cases. Conclusions: In patients with impalpable testis undergoing diagnostic laparoscopy, identification of spermatic cord movement along the internal inguinal ring while pulling the scrotum downwards determines the most appropriate surgical approach. This maneuver might also prevent inappropriately placed skin incisions.",
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Importance of scrotum pulling during diagnostic laparoscopy for impalpable testis. / Im, Young Jae; Jung, Hyun Jin; Lee, Yong Seung; Kim, Sang Woon; Han, Sang Won.

In: International Journal of Urology, Vol. 22, No. 4, 01.04.2015, p. 400-403.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Im, Young Jae

AU - Jung, Hyun Jin

AU - Lee, Yong Seung

AU - Kim, Sang Woon

AU - Han, Sang Won

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N2 - Objectives: To evaluate the significance of a scrotum pulling maneuver during diagnostic laparoscopy for impalpable testis in order to determine whether an initial scrotal or inguinal incision should be carried out. Methods: A total of 75 patients undergoing diagnostic laparoscopy were included in the present study. If the vas deferens and spermatic vessels were noted to enter the internal inguinal ring, the affected scrotum was pulled downwards and the movements of the cord structures were observed. If inferior movement of the cord structures at the internal inguinal ring were noted, a scrotal approach was preferred. In the absence of cord structure movement, an inguinal approach was carried out first. Results: In 59 (76.6%) out of 77 impalpable testes, the spermatic vessels and vas deferens were noted to enter the internal inguinal ring. In 41 of the 59 cases (69.5%), the cord structures were observed to move inferiorly when the scrotum was pulled downwards. In these cases, a scrotal incision was carried out first. In 97% (40/41), a nubbin testis was found and was then excised. In 23% (18/59), the cord structures did not move on pulling the scrotum, and an inguinal approach was initially carried out on these cases. A viable testis was found on the inguinal canal in four cases, and a nubbin testis was excised in 14 cases. Conclusions: In patients with impalpable testis undergoing diagnostic laparoscopy, identification of spermatic cord movement along the internal inguinal ring while pulling the scrotum downwards determines the most appropriate surgical approach. This maneuver might also prevent inappropriately placed skin incisions.

AB - Objectives: To evaluate the significance of a scrotum pulling maneuver during diagnostic laparoscopy for impalpable testis in order to determine whether an initial scrotal or inguinal incision should be carried out. Methods: A total of 75 patients undergoing diagnostic laparoscopy were included in the present study. If the vas deferens and spermatic vessels were noted to enter the internal inguinal ring, the affected scrotum was pulled downwards and the movements of the cord structures were observed. If inferior movement of the cord structures at the internal inguinal ring were noted, a scrotal approach was preferred. In the absence of cord structure movement, an inguinal approach was carried out first. Results: In 59 (76.6%) out of 77 impalpable testes, the spermatic vessels and vas deferens were noted to enter the internal inguinal ring. In 41 of the 59 cases (69.5%), the cord structures were observed to move inferiorly when the scrotum was pulled downwards. In these cases, a scrotal incision was carried out first. In 97% (40/41), a nubbin testis was found and was then excised. In 23% (18/59), the cord structures did not move on pulling the scrotum, and an inguinal approach was initially carried out on these cases. A viable testis was found on the inguinal canal in four cases, and a nubbin testis was excised in 14 cases. Conclusions: In patients with impalpable testis undergoing diagnostic laparoscopy, identification of spermatic cord movement along the internal inguinal ring while pulling the scrotum downwards determines the most appropriate surgical approach. This maneuver might also prevent inappropriately placed skin incisions.

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