Important factors on carbon dioxide reforming of methane over nickel-based catalysts

Zhong Wen Liu, Hyun Seog Roh, Ki Won Jun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Some factors such as catalyst, temperature, space velocity, feed CO 2/CH4 ratio, H2O and/or O2 addition, have been examined for stable operation of carbon dioxide reforming of CH 4 (CDR) in a fixed-bed reactor under atmospheric pressure. The Ni/Ce-ZrO2/ θ-Al2O3 catalyst showed high activity and stability under all the conditions employed compared with Ni/MgAl2O4. This seems to be due to strong interactions between NiO and support and relatively abundant mobile oxygen species in the Ce-ZrO2 layer: the former would suppress carbon formation step and the latter would activate the carbon elimination step. The carbon deposition over the catalysts in CDR was drastically reduced with a slight increase of feed CO2/CH4 ratio or the addition of H2O in feed. The oxidation of CH4 and/or steam reforming of CH4 occurred simultaneously with carbon dioxide reforming of CH4, where drastic change of a H2/CO ratio was observed, when the feed was composed of CH4, CO2, H2O and/or O2.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)753-761
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry
Volume9
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Dec 1

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Methane
Reforming reactions
Nickel
Carbon Dioxide
Carbon dioxide
Carbon
Carbon Monoxide
Catalysts
Steam reforming
Atmospheric pressure
Oxygen
Oxidation
Temperature

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

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abstract = "Some factors such as catalyst, temperature, space velocity, feed CO 2/CH4 ratio, H2O and/or O2 addition, have been examined for stable operation of carbon dioxide reforming of CH 4 (CDR) in a fixed-bed reactor under atmospheric pressure. The Ni/Ce-ZrO2/ θ-Al2O3 catalyst showed high activity and stability under all the conditions employed compared with Ni/MgAl2O4. This seems to be due to strong interactions between NiO and support and relatively abundant mobile oxygen species in the Ce-ZrO2 layer: the former would suppress carbon formation step and the latter would activate the carbon elimination step. The carbon deposition over the catalysts in CDR was drastically reduced with a slight increase of feed CO2/CH4 ratio or the addition of H2O in feed. The oxidation of CH4 and/or steam reforming of CH4 occurred simultaneously with carbon dioxide reforming of CH4, where drastic change of a H2/CO ratio was observed, when the feed was composed of CH4, CO2, H2O and/or O2.",
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Important factors on carbon dioxide reforming of methane over nickel-based catalysts. / Liu, Zhong Wen; Roh, Hyun Seog; Jun, Ki Won.

In: Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, Vol. 9, No. 6, 01.12.2003, p. 753-761.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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