Impoundments increase potential for phosphorus retention and remobilization in an urban stream

Nguyen Xuan Que Vo, Tuan Van Doan, Hojeong Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Weirs are conventional structures that control water level and velocity in streams to facilitate water resource management. Despite many weirs built in streams, there is little information how weirs change hydrology regime and how that translates to sediment and phosphorus (P) responses. This study evaluated the infuence of weirs on P retention and mobilization in an urban tributary of the Han River in Korea. Total P concentrations in sediments upstream of weirs were higher than the downstream site, mainly due to the increase of potentially available fractions (labile P and aluminum- and iron-bound P) (p < 0.05). Equilibrium phosphorus concentrations (EPCo) were lower than soluble reactive phosphorus (SRP) concentrations of stream waters, but there was an increasing trend of sediment EPCo upstream of weirs compared to the downstream site (p < 0.001) indicating a greater potential for P release upstream of weirs. Sediment core incubation showed that SRP release rates upstream of weirs were higher than the downstream site under anoxic conditions of the water column (p < 0.01), but not under oxic conditions. SRP release rates under anoxic conditions were greater than that measured under oxic conditions. Un-neutral pH and increased temperature could also enhance SRP release rates upstream of weirs. We conclude that weirs can increase P retention within stream sediments and potentially promote signifcant P releases into waters, which in turn cause eutrophication.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)175-184
Number of pages10
JournalEnvironmental Engineering Research
Volume19
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jun

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Weirs
Phosphorus
Sediments
Water
Eutrophication
Hydrology
Water levels
Water resources
Rivers
Iron

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Engineering

Cite this

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abstract = "Weirs are conventional structures that control water level and velocity in streams to facilitate water resource management. Despite many weirs built in streams, there is little information how weirs change hydrology regime and how that translates to sediment and phosphorus (P) responses. This study evaluated the infuence of weirs on P retention and mobilization in an urban tributary of the Han River in Korea. Total P concentrations in sediments upstream of weirs were higher than the downstream site, mainly due to the increase of potentially available fractions (labile P and aluminum- and iron-bound P) (p < 0.05). Equilibrium phosphorus concentrations (EPCo) were lower than soluble reactive phosphorus (SRP) concentrations of stream waters, but there was an increasing trend of sediment EPCo upstream of weirs compared to the downstream site (p < 0.001) indicating a greater potential for P release upstream of weirs. Sediment core incubation showed that SRP release rates upstream of weirs were higher than the downstream site under anoxic conditions of the water column (p < 0.01), but not under oxic conditions. SRP release rates under anoxic conditions were greater than that measured under oxic conditions. Un-neutral pH and increased temperature could also enhance SRP release rates upstream of weirs. We conclude that weirs can increase P retention within stream sediments and potentially promote signifcant P releases into waters, which in turn cause eutrophication.",
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Impoundments increase potential for phosphorus retention and remobilization in an urban stream. / Vo, Nguyen Xuan Que; Van Doan, Tuan; Kang, Hojeong.

In: Environmental Engineering Research, Vol. 19, No. 2, 06.2014, p. 175-184.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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