Improved functionality of lithium-ion batteries enabled by atomic layer deposition on the porous microstructure of polymer separators and coating electrodes

Yoon Seok Jung, Andrew S. Cavanagh, Lynn Gedvilas, Nicodemus E. Widjonarko, Isaac D. Scott, Se Hee Lee, Gi Heon Kim, Steven M. George, Anne C. Dillon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

156 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Atomic layer deposition (ALD) of Al 2 O 3 is applied on a polypropylene separator for lithium-ion batteries. A thin Al 2 O 3 layer ( < 10 nm) is coated on every surface of the porous polymer microframework without significantly increasing the total separator thickness. The thin Al 2 O 3 ALD coating results in significantly suppressed thermal shrinkage, which may lead to improved safety of the batteries. More importantly, the wettability of Al 2 O 3 ALD-coated separators in an extremely polar electrolyte based on pure propylene carbonate (PC) solvent is demonstrated, without any decrease in electrochemical performances such as capacity, rate capability, and cycle life. Finally, a LiCoO 2 /natural graphite full cell is demonstrated under extremely severe conditions (pure PC-based electrolyte and high (4.5 V) upper cut-off potential), which is enabled by the Al 2 O 3 ALD coating on all three components (cathode, anode, and separator).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1022-1027
Number of pages6
JournalAdvanced Energy Materials
Volume2
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Aug

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Materials Science(all)

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