Improved Hydrogen Production from Galactose Via Immobilized Mixed Consortia

Gopalakrishnan Kumar, Periyasamy Sivagurunathan, Jong Hun Park, Sang Hyoun Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study, a combined encapsulation and entrapment immobilization strategy was employed to enhance hydrogen production from sewage sludge containing mixed microbial cultures. The results showed that the hydrogen production rate (HPR) and hydrogen yield (HY) of immobilized cells were significantly higher than that of the suspended cells. The peak HPR and HY of 0.76 L/L-d and 1.20 mol/mol galactoseadded attained with the immobilized cell system were comparable to that of the suspended cell system (HPR 0.62 L/L-d and HY 0.88 mol/mol galactoseadded, respectively). The immobilized beads were also found to have efficient hydrogen production upon reuse for more than five cycles, with galactose removal > 85 % in all cases. Soluble metabolic product analysis revealed that fermentation followed a butyrate pathway and the major metabolites produced were acetate and butyrate. The peak total energy production rate and yield were 8.6 kJ/L-d and 308 kJ/mol added, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2117-2122
Number of pages6
JournalArabian Journal for Science and Engineering
Volume40
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Aug 22

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hydrogen
encapsulation
immobilization
fermentation
metabolite
acetate
rate

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

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abstract = "In this study, a combined encapsulation and entrapment immobilization strategy was employed to enhance hydrogen production from sewage sludge containing mixed microbial cultures. The results showed that the hydrogen production rate (HPR) and hydrogen yield (HY) of immobilized cells were significantly higher than that of the suspended cells. The peak HPR and HY of 0.76 L/L-d and 1.20 mol/mol galactoseadded attained with the immobilized cell system were comparable to that of the suspended cell system (HPR 0.62 L/L-d and HY 0.88 mol/mol galactoseadded, respectively). The immobilized beads were also found to have efficient hydrogen production upon reuse for more than five cycles, with galactose removal > 85 {\%} in all cases. Soluble metabolic product analysis revealed that fermentation followed a butyrate pathway and the major metabolites produced were acetate and butyrate. The peak total energy production rate and yield were 8.6 kJ/L-d and 308 kJ/mol added, respectively.",
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Improved Hydrogen Production from Galactose Via Immobilized Mixed Consortia. / Kumar, Gopalakrishnan; Sivagurunathan, Periyasamy; Park, Jong Hun; Kim, Sang Hyoun.

In: Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering, Vol. 40, No. 8, 22.08.2015, p. 2117-2122.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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