Improved light harvest in diffraction grating-embedded TiO 2 nanoparticle film

Jeeyoung Lee, Myeongkyu Lee

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We show that a high-efficiency diffraction grating can be embedded into nanoparticulate TiO 2 film via imprinting combined with TiCl 4 treatment. The grating-embedded film consists of two layers in intimate contact. A thin TiO 2 layer was first patterned on a glass substrate by imprinting. The patterned layer was TiCl 4 -treated with a higher concentration than the over-coated thicker layer, so that it diffracts incident light as a refractive-index grating. Gratings with a period scaled down to 1 µm could be embedded into the film. Diffraction efficiency increased with an increasing grating height and an efficiency over 80% was achieved in the near-ultraviolet and visible range. Dye-sensitized solar cells fabricated using a grating-embedded TiO 2 photoanode exhibited much better photovoltaic performance than those without a grating. It was also found that the incorporation of a diffraction grating greatly enhances the photocatalytic activity of nanoparticulate TiO 2 film. All these are attributed to improved light harvest.

Original languageEnglish
Article number737
JournalApplied Physics A: Materials Science and Processing
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Dec 1


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)

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