We have synthesized silica-quantum dot (QD)-silica (SQS) hybrid particles using Cd-free InP@GaP/ZnS QDs with silica particles. The surfaces of the SQS particles were modified with phenyl groups to control the refractive index. The surface modification reduced the light scattering in the SQS particle suspension by matching the refractive index of the particles to the solvent. The resulting suspension exhibited a quantum yield close to that of the unmodified QDs. Fabrication of the nanocomposite films using the synthesized particles and poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) demonstrated that the transparency and quantum efficiency of the films containing both the SQS and the phenyl-modified SQS particles were higher than those containing the unmodified QDs due to the more uniform dispersion of the QDs. In addition, the reduced light scattering in the film with the phenyl-modified SQS particles resulted in higher quantum efficiency than that with the unmodified SQS particles. Analysis after three days at 100 °C and 85% relative humidity revealed that the stability of the film containing the phenyl-modified SQS particles was superior to that with the unmodified QDs. Finally, a light-emitting diode (LED), prepared using the nanocomposite with the phenyl-modified SQS particles, displayed much higher photoluminescence intensity and efficiency than that with the unmodified SQS particles due to reduced light scattering.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) (grant no. NRF-2018R1A5A1024127 and 2017R1A2B4007534), and the Ministry of Trade, Industry & Energy (grant no. 10079347) through the Development of Materials and Core-Technology for Future Display support program.
© 2019 The Royal Society of Chemistry.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Chemistry