Eco-friendly solution-processed oxide thin-film transistors (TFTs) were fabricated through photocatalytic reaction of titanium dioxide (PRT). The titanium dioxide (TiO2) surface reacts with H2O under ultraviolet (UV) light irradiation and generates hydroxyl radicals (OH•). These hydroxyl radicals accelerate the decomposition of large organic compounds such as 2-methoxyethanol (2ME; one of the representative solvents for solution-processed metal oxides), creating smaller organic molecular structures compared with 2ME. The decomposed small organic materials have low molar masses and low boiling points, which help improving electrical properties via diminishing defect sites in oxide channel layers and fabricating low-temperature solution-processed oxide TFTs. As a result, the field-effect mobility improved from 4.29 to 10.24 cm2/V·s for IGZO TFTs and from 2.78 to 7.82 cm2/V·s for IZO TFTs, and the Vth shift caused by positive bias stress and negative bias illumination stress over 1000 s under 5700 lux decreased from 6.2 to 2.9 V and from 15.3 to 2.8 V, respectively. In theory, TiO2 has a permanent photocatalytic reaction; as such, hydroxyl radicals are generated continuously under UV irradiation, improving the electrical characteristics of solution-processed IZO TFTs even after four iterations of TiO2 recycling in this study. Thus, the PRT method provides an eco-friendly approach for high-performance solution-processed oxide TFTs.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korean government (MSIT) (no. 2017R1A2B3008719)
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)