Transcoronary alcohol ablation (TAA) therapy of septal hypertrophy was recently proposed as a therapeutic modality for obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HC). However, questions remain about the effect of TAA on exercise performance. We performed a time-course analysis of exercise capacity and exercise hemodynamics in 20 patients with symptomatic obstructive HC after TAA. Symptom-limited bicycle exercise testing was performed before and 3 and 12 months after TAA, and cardiac catheterization at 3-month follow-up. The pressure gradient of the left ventricular outflow tract immediately decreased from 58 ± 8 to 4 ± 1 mm Hg at rest (p <0.01) and from 143 ± 11 to 30 ± 6 mm Hg after extrasystole (p <0.01), but partially recovered at 3-month follow-up (14 ± 4 and 40 ± 9 mm Hg, respectively). Left ventricular end-diastolic pressure was not changed after TAA. Peak oxygen consumption increased from 19 ± 2 to 23 ± 1 ml/kg/min (p < 0.01) and exercise duration from 573 ± 47 to 742 ± 46 seconds (p <0.01) at 3-month follow-up, but thereafter reached a plateau. Abnormal patterns of exercise blood pressure response were shown in 9 patients but normalized after TAA. Major complications occurred in 4 patients: no reflow to the left anterior descending coronary artery in 2 patients and ventricular tachycardia requiring cardioversion in 2 patients. During the follow-up period, all patients survived with symptomatic improvement in 17 patients. Thus, TAA is a promising therapeutic modality with improvement in exercise capacity and abnormal exercise blood pressure response in obstructive HC. However, potential serious complications should be considered in the application of TAA.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine