The current study investigates the performance of dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) based on Al-doped and undoped ZnO nanorod arrays synthesized by a simple hydrothermal method. Current densityvoltage (JV) characterizations indicate that Al-doping in ZnO crystal structure can significantly improve current densities and the energy conversion efficiency (η) of ZnO nanorod-based DSSCs. The maximum η, 1.34%, was achieved in DSSC when Al-doped ZnO nanorod arrays were grown in 0.04 M zinc acetate dihydrate solution with 5 mM aluminum nitrate nonahydrate. This result represents a large increase of η in Al-doped ZnO nanorod-based DSSCs as compared to undoped (0.05%). The improved DSSC photovoltaic performance can be attributed to two main factors: (1) increased light harvesting efficiency due to a large amount of N719 adsorbed on the large surface area of Al-doped ZnO nanorod arrays, and (2) increased electrical conductivity due to A13 ion doped into the ZnO lattice at the divalent Zn2 site, allowing electrons to move easily into the Al-doped ZnO conduction band.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics